Actions to adapt to risks in urban communities vulnerable to increased rainfall caused by climate change
The rainy season Venezuela is a recurrent event that presents different characteristics due to climate variability. It is considered a threat that can cause natural disasters such as avalanches and floods due to abundant and unusual rainfall, also within the hydrometeorological and oceanographic phenomena, are the intense rains registered in the last 3 years in the country. During the last decades, the massive growth of the population and the absence of urban planning have generated transforming factors that affect the effects of the hydrological cycle. The sector Santa Ana in the Antimano parish, is an improvised settlement that has approximately 450 houses, 3 water channels and 1 sewer system that receives the confluence of all the waters. As a result of the strong and prolonged rainfall generated during the year 2017 due to climate change, the vulnerability of the community has increased in the face of threats due to landslides.
For these reasons, it is intended to design and implement an emergency and contingency plan for possible earth movements due to rainfall. To do this, the identification of the risks and needs existing in the community will be made; preparation of the emergency and contingency plan and identification of evacuation routes. Conducting simulations and workshops to raise awareness of events produced by the variability of climate change; considering the structural and non-structural elements of the Santa Ana sector. With the objective of minimizing community vulnerabilities and creating a resilient society capable of facing emergencies, reacting quickly and efficiently to a landslide that may occur due to rainfall; in order to achieve an environmentally aware and empowered society of tools to coexist with climate change.
What actions do you propose?
Adapt to changes in precipitation patterns
1) Presentation of the proposed emergency and contingency plan to the Community of Santa Ana in citizens' assemblies, highlighting the importance of training in the face of risks associated with landslides
2) Identification of the existing risks and needs in the community through interviews with the inhabitants and technical observations of the area
3) Identification of evacuation routes in the communities of Santa Ana
4) Design of the emergency and contingency plan according to the identified risks, needs, vulnerabilities, capacities and community potentials
5) Implementation of the emergency and contingency plan through training workshops for the inhabitants of the community of Santa Ana to possible landslides due to rainfall
6) Signaling of evacuation routes, safe areas, landslide zones and emergency exits
7) Execution of awareness workshops on events produced by the variability of climate change; as well as the impact and consequences of anthropic actions in the community of Santa Ana
8) Execution of partial and total simulations of emergency events due to landslides during rainfall with the participation of all members of the community and the personnel of firefighters or Civil Protection
9) Creation of a Community Emergency Brigade with inhabitants of Santa Ana who will carry out the monitoring and the annual update of the emergency and contingency plan
Who will take these actions?
Environmental Sustainability Department of the Andrés Bello Catholic University: Development and management of the idea, search of materials, volunteers and community contacts.
Division of Community Preparation (DIPRECOM) of the Fire Department of the Capital District and Civil Protection Training and Training Department: Support in the execution of training workshops and simulations.
Students of the Disaster Administration Career of the National Polytechnic Experimental University of the Bolivarian Armed Forces (UNEFA): Identification of community risks and needs, design and implementation of emergency and contingency plan for landslides due to rainfall.
First Aid UCAB and Volunteering EcoUCAB: Support in the implementation of emergency and contingency plan and execution of simulations.
Where will these actions be taken?
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Bolivarian Municipality Libertador
Neighborhood Santa Ana
El Trío Sector
Mexico Street Sector
What are other key benefits?
Awareness and training of the inhabitants of the Santa Ana sector to cope with climate changes
Elaboration of an emergency and contingency plan adapted to the conditions of urban communities vulnerable to landslides
Reduction of vulnerabilities due to landslides in the community
Strengthening the social fabric and community relations in favor of the environment and quality of life
Consolidation of a resilient society capable of facing any emergency with fast and efficient responses to earth movements caused by the increase in rainfall
What are the proposal’s costs?
The costs during the design and implementation of the proposal may vary according to the date it is executed, however the amount of € 15,000 can be anticipated for the acquisition of the necessary materials.
It is estimated that in general the development of the proposal is approximately € 25,000, including the transport and logistics required for the execution of the project.
Total: 6 to 12 months
Awareness workshops: 3 weeks
Training workshops: 12 weeks
Partial drills: 2 weeks
Total drills: 3 weeks
1. Proposal for Enabling adaptation 2013 by CBI and MIT SIC: Building consensus, enabling adaptation: facilitating collective risk management.
2. Proposal for Adaptation 2018 by SAADITHYA + SARKAR: Incentivized disaster preparedness & gamification. https://www.climatecolab.org/contests/2012/enabling-adaptation/c/proposal/1304128
Campos S., A. (1999). Educación y Prevención de Desastres. Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia, UNICEF. Costa Rica.
Mansilla, E. (2000). Riesgo y Cuidad. División de Estudios de Posgrado. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Ministerio de Salud de Perú (2015). Documento técnico: Proyecto de Plan de Prevención y Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres del Ministerio de Salud Frente a los Efectos de las lluvias 2014-2015. Perú.