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This proposal is based on the emission reduction commitment made by Brazil for the Paris Agreement.



This seed proposal is based on the emission reduction commitment submitted by Brazil for the UNFCCC's 2015 climate negotiations. It was created by a Climate CoLab staff member. We invite other CoLab members to link to this proposal or to use it as a starting point for creating new proposals of their own. The government of Brazil has not reviewed or endorsed this proposal. 


Target Emissions: 

  1. Brazil intends to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 37% below 2005 levels in 2025.
  2. With further reduction of 43% by 2030 below 2005 levels. 



The National Adaptation Plan will provide the legal framework for adaptation policies aimed increasing resilience, especially among vulnerable populations, and reducing overall vulnerabilities. 

  • Implements knowledge management systems and technology development to increase adaptation capacities. 
  • Brazil will continue monitoring rainfall activity, and will continue early action emergency planning to protect poor populations. 
  • Enhance water security and biodiversity through relevant national legislation. 


Which proposals are included in your plan and how do they fit together?


  1. Increasing shares of biofuels by 18% by 2030 
  2. Increasing share of renewables in energy mix to 45% 
  3. Increasing hydropower capabilities to 28-33% of total energy mix by 2030 
  4. Increasing other renewables (solar, wind, biomass) to at least 23% of the energy mix by 2030.
  5. Increasing efficiency gains in the electricity sector by 10% by 2030


Land Use

  1. Enforcing and strengthening policy measures to reduce deforestation.
  2. Zero illegal deforestation by 2030, and compensation for greenhouse gas emissions from vegetation suppression. 
  3. Increase land use management systems including georeferencing and tracking systems, which will help reduce illegal land use. 
  4. Low Carbon Emission Agriculture Program, which restores 15 million hectares of pastureland by 2030, and 5 million hectares of cropland-livestock-forestry systems by 2030. 



  1. Promote new standards of clean technology.
  2. Enhance energy efficiency and low carbon infrastructure. 



  1. Improve transportation efficiency.
  2. Improve infrastructure for transport, especially in urban areas. 


Explanation of the emissions scenario calculated in the Impact tab

What are the plan’s key benefits?

Brazil has already taken numerous steps to promote sustainable development practices. This has enabled a reduction in emissions from deforestation by reducing the deforestation rate of Brazil's Amazonia by 82%. 

Renewables also currently make up 40% of Brazil's energy mix.

What are the plan’s costs?

What are the key challenges to enacting this plan?

Brazil is a developing country facing public health, poverty, and infrastructual challenges. 

Additional actions will require large amounts of investment and technology transfer from developed and other developing countries. 


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