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This proposal is based on the emission reduction commitment (known as an INDC) made by China prior to the 2015 UN Climate talks.



This seed proposal is based on the emission reduction commitment submitted by China in advance of the UNFCCC's 2015 climate negotiations. It was created by a Climate CoLab Fellow. We invite other CoLab members to link to this proposal or to use it as a starting point for creating new proposals of their own. The government of China has not reviewed or endorsed this proposal.

As part of the climate negotiations conducted each year under the auspices of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), countries submit Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) that outline pledges for future reductions in their national greenhouse gas emissions.

China has announced that its GHG emissions will peak by 2030, and will make its best efforts to peak earlier. Through its INDC China has also pledged to reduce the carbon intensity of its economy 60-65% in 2030, compared with 1990. This means that by then China will have increased its energy-related emissions 56-119%, from 5,4 GtCO2 in 2005, to between 9,6 to 11,83 GtCO2 in 2030, according to predictions on its GDP growth for the same period.

The INDC includes the following measures:

  • Low-carbon urbanization of new developments, including 50% green buildings of the total of new buildings in towns and cities, and 30% public transportation of motorized traffic in medium to big cities.


  • Decarbonization of energy production: A 20% share of non-carbon energy production, with and additional 10% share of gas. Nuclear and renewable energy are part of the mix.


  • Promotiing a less carbon-intensive transportation system.


  • Limiting or reducing the emission of methane and other greenhouse gases.


  • Expand its forest stock to 4,5 billion cubic meters, increasing land use sector sinks.


  • The development of a Carbon Emission Trading Market.

Which proposals are included in your plan and how do they fit together?

Explanation of the emissions scenario calculated in the Impact tab

What are the plan’s key benefits?

What are the plan’s costs?

What are the key challenges to enacting this plan?


Related plans


The Chinese INDC can be found here:'s%20INDC%20-%20on%2030%20June%202015.pdf