Question: How can greenhouse gas emissions from the industrial sector be reduced?
Industry is a key contributor to economic growth and prosperity, and has been the primary engine of economic development over the last century. It is also a leading global source of greenhouse gases. The International Energy Agency estimates that, to meet global GHG reduction goals, emission reductions of 60-80% will be necessary. Industry is also an important source of innovation and rich with mitigation opportunities: resource efficiency (e.g. energy, materials, water); reducing process emissions of non-CO2 GHGs; industrial ecology; supply chain logistics and geography; manufacturing efficiency; CO2 capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS); and enhanced use of renewables are just some of the areas in which there is great potential for paradigm-shifting progress.
We seek innovative, well-described, actionable solutions that will enable continued global economic growth while achieving major emission reductions in the industrial sector over the course of the next decades.
Industry contributes to GHG emissions through on-site generation of electricity and heat from fossil sources, industrial processes that directly release CO2, methane, and other high impact greenhouse gases, as well as the carbon footprint of the materials and resources utilized in its processes and supply chains.
Opportunities for mitigation arise in each of these sectors. The most promising of these link emissions reductions to profitable activities, such as conversion of wastes to useful inputs or products, increased efficiency. Other benefits include enhanced stability and competitiveness in uncertain markets.
Some of the key areas for exciting innovation are listed below. These are only a sampling of the possibilities; the breadth of opportunity for improvement is vast. We encourage contest participants to seek imaginative, cross-disciplinary, and cross-boundary solutions.
Resource efficiency: materials, inputs with significant supporting energy requirements (e.g. water), electricity, and heat
Reducing process emissions of non-CO2 GHGs
Supply chain logistics and geography
CO2 capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS)
Enhanced use of renewables
Data-driven analysis and optimization
- New business models
Resources for Proposal Authors
Resources for Proposal Authors
General Literature on Industry Emissions, Technologies, and Policies
Energy Information Agency. Manufacturing energy consumption survey for the US
US Environmental Protection Agency. GHG emissions in the U.S.
Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC)
Industrial energy and material efficiency: What role for Policies?
Institute for Industrial Productivity
American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE)
International Energy Agency Energy Technology Perspectives
Example of a roadmap for industry needs: European Paper industry
UNIDO Cleaner and Sustainable Production resource list
Europe’s Zero Emissions Platform
The Bellona Foundation
US Department of Energy's advanced manufacturing program
US Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Power Plan
Advanced Energy Economy’s State Tool for Electricity Emissions Reduction
US Environmental Protection Agency's energy star resources
European Union energy efficiency roadmap
Asian Development Bank's Review of Energy Efficiency Interventions
Energy Efficiency Policies in the United States (multiple sectors)
Tracking Energy Efficiency and CO2 emissions from the International Energy Agency
Industrial Efficiency resources from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Data management & visualization
Business Model & Project Investment