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EVs are coming -- meanwhile ICEs are polluting. This project reduces pollution immediately, permanently and hires poor to do it ~RIGHT NOW~.


Description

Summary

EVs are on the way.

But before full deployment, developing country transportation will spew air pollution for decades to come unless an inexpensive method that takes little time or talent to install, that makes no changes to the engine, that requires no maintenance and that will reduce PM2.5 emissions greater than 50% can be found.

That is what this project does.


Is this proposal for a practice or a project?

Not sure


What actions do you propose?

This project proposes to do the following:
 - obtain the assistance of NGOs in that given area to distribute prepared materials and pickup good quality devices
 - obtain the assistance of NGOs in a given area to train contracted manufacturers (local low-to-no income people) to make the device
 - pay contracted manufacturers only for good, useable devices
 - obtain the assistance of NGOs in that area to install the devices in vehicles, starting with public utility vehicles
 - obtain the assistance of NGOs in that area to keep track of installed vehicles to assure that they are correct devices and correctly installed


Who will take these actions?

At this point I have the interest of 150+ companies in India to fund the project on a CSR basis and 25+ individuals and NGOs interested in participating.

In the Philippines I have connections with a couple of 'jeepney' federation heads as well as a government Department of Science and Industry engineer who knows this device works and who connected me with them and can easily start off with these groups.

I also have over 10,000 connections on LinkedIn.com (may need a linkedin.com account to view...) and a large number of these are CSR people who would be interested in the project given some incentive.


Where will these actions be taken?

This project is best suited, and will do the greatest good in high population areas since we can effect public utility transport vehicles such as tricycles (tuk-tuks) and small buses, but will benefit low population areas as well.

According to a WHO report mentioned by a Business Insider report dated May 12, 2016:
"The most harmful pollutant to human health is called PM 2.5, particle matter smaller than 2.5 microns in diameter that's found in soot, smoke, and dust. PM 2.5 is especially dangerous because it can get lodged in the lungs and cause long-term health problems like asthma and chronic lung disease."

This is an interactive map to PM2.5 air pollution, showing percent of population exposed to levels exceeding WHO guideline value:
https://www.mapsofworld.com/thematic-maps/pm25-air-pollution-who-guideline-value.html

Seeing as this device reduces PM2.5 emissions by an average of 55%, the reductions in high-population areas would be the wisest choice for the project.


In addition, specify the country or countries where these actions will be taken.

Philippines


Country 2

India


Country 3

Indonesia


Country 4

Malaysia


Country 5

Vietnam


Impact/Benefits


What impact will these actions have on greenhouse gas emissions and/or adapting to climate change?

It has been reported that the world has over 1.2 billion vehicles. Developing countries own about 700 million of those vehicles.

From the CIA World Factbook (2017-01-17) in 2014 the world used 93.5 million barrels per day. 1 US barrel equals approximately 159 liters.
http://world.bymap.org/OilConsumption.html

If the US, Japan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Korea, Canada, Germany, France, the UK, Singapore, Spain, Australia and Netherlands are removed, this leaves 44.5 million barrels (or 7,075,500,000 liters) per day used by largely developing countries.

CO2 is calculated ~directly~ from the amount of fuel burned. For example:
1 liter of gasoline equals 2.3035 kg of CO2.
1 liter of diesel equals 2.6256 kg of CO2.

If calculated at the diesel number and assuming the minimum of a 10% drop this device creates, this project could theoretically remove this amount of CO2 from developing countries:

     Tons Per Day        Tons per Month        Tons Per Year
      18,577,432            557,322,960           6,687,875,520

One device can reduce the CO2 of a Philippine small public transport known as a "jeepney" (an 18-28 person, 4-cylinder diesel-powered 'bus') by a minimum of 2 tons per year every year thereafter following installation.

By actual installed results, 5 jeepneys in a crowded city saved 1.5 liters of fuel per day; 7 jeepneys in a hilly country area saved 2.5 liters of fuel per day and 25 jeepneys out of the city saved an average of 8 liters of fuel per day. These savings have an exact relation to the amount of CO2 reduced since that is measured only by quantity of fuel burned.

Added to these measurements are a measured-in-many-tests 35-80% reduction in particle emissions (such as  PM2.5) and reductions in hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxides.


What are other key benefits?

Generally, drivers of public utility vehicles pay for the fuel they use during the day along with the rental of the vehicle. Because of this device, the engine will be using 10-30% less fuel. This translates directly into money they can take home.

The manufacture of the device will be done local to the area being worked. It will be done by low to no-income people who will be trained on the proper use of the few hand tools required and they will be paid for usable product so the amount of time they spend on the manufacturing process is totally up to them.

One person can make 3 devices per hour after 2 hours of practice and have up to 98% accuracy after a period of one week as we have proven with a pair of Philippine housekeepers. Below as an example, the contract manufacturers never achieve better than 3 pcs/hour, are kept to an 8-hour day, a 5-day week and a 48-week year:

Contract Mfrs       Pcs/week         Pcs/year         CO2 Tons
                                                                       reduced/year
               1                     120              5,760              11,520
           100                12,000          576,000         1,152,000
        1,000              120,000       5,760,000       11,520,000

Along with the fact that the above manufacturers get paid for their good work, further social implications are that as all of the above drivers pay for the fuel the vehicle they drive uses, this means those savings translate into an exact increase in the amount of take-home pay for every driver.

Add to all the above the fact that the WHO stated that PM2.5 emissions caused 3.7 MILLION premature deaths in 2012 and the fact that this device reduces PM2.5 emissions an average of 55%.
http://www.who.int/entity/phe/health_topics/outdoorair/databases/faqs_air_pollution.pdf

Before/After installation emission tests from the US & Philippines:
https://app.box.com/s/pfjon7fwab0gf0ban8vz4inax7c18vv4


Costs/Challenges


What are the proposal’s projected costs?

For comparison:
"A London School of Economics report suggests that family planning can eliminate atmospheric carbon for $6.70 per ton, against conventional technologies to improve vehicle fuel efficiency that can cost up to $31.70 a ton."
http://www.greencarreports.com/news/1052110_five-reasons-buying-a-hybrid-prius-wont-save-the-planet

This project will cost $1.50-3.00 a ton depending upon the vehicle the device is installed.

The project has economic advantages such as:
 - income for the contract manufacturers
 - more income for the drivers
 - income for the NGOs in the preparation and distribution

There are no negative effects since there is no modification to the engines and no maintenance needed so there is no new technology for mechanics to learn.

The challenges that this project creates are as follows:
 - creating a centralized reporting and verification system
 - getting the official agreement of NGOs to participate in the project
 - organizing the training of the preparation and distribution personnel
 - verifying the NGOs payment of only usable devices


Timeline

Short term impacts:
 - immediate reduction of public utility vehicle emissions
 - increased income for those on the project
 - more poor can afford light and books for children to study by
 - reduction of 2 tons of CO2 per year per device minimum (jeepney-type vehicle)
 - reduction of 55% PM2.5 output average
 - better prforming vehicles for hills and heavy loads
 - cleaner air until electric vehicles can be implimented

Mid term impacts:
 - air pollution greatly reduced every year
 - cleaner air to breath for those in the effected areas
 - lowered deaths and deformities caused by PM2.5 emissions
 - gives eletric vehicles a cleaner environment to enter into
 - healthier families due to lowered pollution levels
 - poor children more able to function in todays world due to more education

Long term impacts:
 - I honestly do not see the need for this project above 50 years from now as electric vehicles should have become more abundant and cleaner electric production is more available


About the author(s)

Dan Renner is the inventor of the device. At 15, after creating custom bicycles from discarded parts for a couple of years, he started a bicycle repair activity in his step-father's garage behind the sailboat they raced on weekends.

That did not last long since high school was teaching him nothing that would help him survive in life. He quit high school and joined the US Navy at 17 with his parents approval and a fast pass of the G.E.D. test. The Navy taught him more basics on mechanical, electrical, electronics, hydraulics, air compressor and air conditioning and after a couple posts he taught the same to some of our US Marines at Mirimar Naval Air Field in San Diego.

After the Navy he held a variety of positions, including helping to build up the 1990 "Invention Convention"? in Pasadena, California to draw more people than the LA Auto Show of the same year.

He started a restaurant service business with his good friend then left the business to his friend. He then started a computer and computer network servicing and security business named "Los Angeles Computerhelp"? where he tended to be very good at securing the innards of Windows. He built and ran this business for 19 years and had a 1,800+ client database ranging from the highest paid Hollywood producer's wife to the 5th largest cable content provider in the US at the time (TVN) and at the 2000 L.A. Auto Show, Ford hired him to be the technician on the floor setting up their display computers -- and he was able to talk to the engineer behind the Lotus Elise as they were introducing it to the US -- wow!

Now, after 17 years of development (13 part-time & 4 full-time) with over 750 test installations, he has a highly effective device that has been proven by University test, emissions tests in the US & the Philippines and tests by leading corporations in the Philippines.


Related Proposals

Oxygen Concentrator for Diesel Engines
https://www.climatecolab.org/contests/2017/transportation/c/proposal/1333902
"Retrofit special air filters in diesel engine vehicles to inject pure Oxygen into them."
This project is similar to the above in that it also attempts to lower existing vehicle emissions now rather than wait decades for electric vehicles to arrive.

Via Green Program (VGP)- Atmospheric Pollutants Management for Supply Chain
https://www.climatecolab.org/contests/2017/transportation/c/proposal/1333912
"VGP is an online platform of atphosferic pollutants management from cargo and passenger transportation sector, integrating all supply chain."
This project is related to the above in sector involvement.


References

University of the Philippines Diliman Mechanical Engineering Department consumption test results using a 2-year old Honda Jazz:
https://app.box.com/s/n73p4jbmhte0to795wym3bd9yxl55jrg

You can see results of tests done with the City of Makati, Philippines Anti-Smoke Belching Unit during their Earth Day 2017 event here:
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/earth-day-2017-makati-asbu-dan-renner
(May need a linkedin.com account to view...)

Philippine carrier Vcargo emission test videos:
The 'Before/After' video of these tests is here:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmeMUE9wRRU
... and another test after 3 weeks of use here:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukLJl9-okxw
(Note that a result of 2.5 or above is a legal failure as a 'smoke-belcher'.)

Although mostly inactive now, the device attained a small amount of fame when a local motorcycle club created a fan-page on Facebook for it called "Team Clean Turbo".  You have to look back a couple years to find the originators posts.
https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=923497207694418

Handy CO2 calculator:
https://www.sunearthtools.com/tools/CO2-emissions-calculator.php