Climate risk insurance and preparedness via gamification and social innovation by SAADITHYA + SARKAR
Platform to drive disaster risk preparedness with chatbots, gamification, incentives, insurance innovation; & bridge multiple stakeholders.
Our idea proposes to incentivize disaster preparedness and create awareness to better prepare individuals and organizations for weather-related disasters. Our initiative will not only protect people's lives, property and local economy, but also deliver value to local employers, the insurance companies and the government, which we will convert into stakeholders in disaster preparedness.
Every year, insurance companies and governments incur billions of $ in expenditure for disaster mitigation and compensation. Affected communities often find their economy shattered, and families lose their loved ones. If insurance companies & governments offer incentives to people and entities who demonstrate adequate disaster preparedness and contingency planning, these incentives shall cost less than the billions of dollars worldwide spent on post-disaster measures.
The platform will inform people and entities the disaster preparedness steps & guidelines they need to follow to be incentivised for their insurance coverage. The platform deploys interactive tools to create disaster preparedness awareness, such as a conversational chatbot (engaging, persuasive) to get individuals interested in learning the disaster risks for the places they live in, work in, or own property in. The chatbot becomes an onboarding, educational tool, and thereafter can invite people & their friends to other experiences like simulation games, AR, VR, etc. Gamification & incentives will be prominent tools for spreading awareness.
We educate and help users define their priorities and generate and tune evacuation plans, business process contingency plans, basic necessities and low-tech communication backup plans, etc. Individuals and organizations that have demonstrated disaster preparedness for themselves or the community can thereafter qualify for incentives through our platform. Incentives might include insurance discounts, property tax rebates, utility bill discounts, community development grants, and more.
What actions do you propose?
The proposed online platform "Insurecolab.com" will be the one stop portal for the following:
A. Incentives and rewards from insurance companies and governments for following disaster preparedness measures.
- ?The user visits the online platform "Insurecolab", he or she tries to insure their life or property by searching for various disaster risk insurance coverage online.
- After choosing appropriate insurance coverage online the users can see the actual cost of insurance coverage and the steps and guidelines or tasks they need to follow to get incentives.
- User completes the tasks or follows guidelines required for incentives.
- User uploads the proof and gets incentivized insurance coverage.
- This will encourage people to adopt strict disaster preparedness measures hence reducing disaster risk.
- It will help insurer to cover many more people as the improved adherence to disaster preparedness measures will reduce the risks to insurance companies. This also benefits the people by providing them better and affordable insurance coverage.
- It will help save lives.
- Less financial burden on government from disasters, thus freeing up more funds for growth and development.
- It will help to converge private and public construction practices towards disaster risk management, and foster private-public partnerships.
- Younger users, i.e. children can also complete some tasks without buying insurance coverage. In doing so, they become eligible to get other rewards like scholarships, leadership development opportunities, etc. We believe that educational awareness about climate change and disaster awareness helps prepare individuals to be better citizens.
Below, in B, C, D, we describe some of the education/awareness/preparedness tasks users need to complete for getting incentivized insurance coverage and other benefits.
B. Gamification & digital tools for disaster preparedness. VR Simulation, Flash games, Smartphone games, Game consoles. These disaster simulation games are designed to give good knowledge about these disaster management program, users need to achieve a score of at least 80% to avail the incentives.
- Flash simulation games. If the insured entity is an organization then all or a significant majority of its stakeholders or employees who are insured should complete this task online by visiting an URL.
Screenshot from an online disaster simulation game by Playerthree and UN/ISDR for hurricane.
Screenshot from an online disaster simulation game by Playerthree and UN/ISDR for wildfire.
2.Virtual reality/Mobile simulation games.
Screenshot of V.R Tsunami simulation game from a V.R Headset.
- ?Create awareness among people, starting from small kids.
- Boosts mental and physical confidence of people by practicing disaster conditions under simulated conditions like VR.
- People learn various skills required to cope different kinds of disaster from interactive games and incentivised MOOCS.
C. Low intensity disaster simulation by partnering with disaster simulation experts. Registered disaster simulation trainers/facilitators will visit client sites and conduct low intensity level controlled disaster simulation and measure the results. They shall extrapolate the results to measure the impact at a larger level. Once this task is complete they give out disaster management certification with disaster resistance level, the same can be uploaded for availing insurance coverage and government incentives.
- ?Low intensive disaster simulation helps identify loop holes and give a chance to rectify the same.
- Help test effectiveness of disaster management skills of people and local disaster management teams.
D. Online MOOCs for disaster management, allow individuals to complete the disaster management certification from registered & recognized authorities and upload the certificates of course completion. In case of a company or organization a mandated percentage of employees should complete certification. In case of individual, the certification should be relevant to the insurance that they are purchasing. InsureColab will simplify the process of discovering relevant MOOCs, enrolling in them, and staying motivated to complete them. We look forward to partnering in such courses with edX.org which is an MIT initiative.
E. InsureColab will have an option for communities (e.g. geographical neighborhoods, villages) to use group buying for low-cost insurance. In such group buying scenarios, the buyers will be encouraged to qualify for incentives and discounts by implementing disaster preparedness.
Typically, people with more money and assets have been the prospective customers for most insurance agencies. Indeed, such people are likely to be better-educated, and more interested in protecting their assets and their dependents (or their businesses) from unexpected disasters. We believe in bringing disaster insurance to the poorer families and the small businesses that cater to the bottom of the pyramid. We believe that poorer communities will prepare themselves more proactively against climate-related disasters if they agree that they should not rely purely on government dole-outs for disaster mitigation; that is, if these communities can get insurance for themselves. The average poor individual/family does not think it has enough assets or spare cash to justify buying insurance, but we can change that if multiple families and communities can collaborate to buy insurance. InsureColab will have an option for communities (e.g. geographical neighborhoods, villages) to use group buying for low-cost insurance. In such group buying scenarios, the buyers will be encouraged to qualify for incentives and discounts by implementing disaster preparedness. For example, by digging ditches and holding tanks to improve rainwater capture in areas susceptible to droughts, or by organizing evacuation drills for earthquake or flooding scenarios. When community members collaborate to insure themselves, they also become shareholders in the community-wide initiative, and help make the community more resilient.
F. Bridging various stakeholders, helping them meet their priorities.
At InsureColab, we will demystify disaster insurance and make it more approachable for individuals, communities and businesses. One way will be to offer insurance coverage tailored to the buyer's ability to pay, and utilizing the ubiquitous internet-connected smartphone to explore the insurance options. That is, prospective buyers can use a simple graphical slider tool to select number of insured, compensation available, the boundaries of the area where the insured people and/or assets are located, etc and see how their selections affect the estimated cost of insurance.
Today, many insurance companies are using sophisticated models, big data and analytics to quantify risk and determine pricing for insurance products. Often these rely on aggregated data for geographical areas, for specific demographics, for asset types, etc. In some instances, insurance companies have successfully experimented with price incentives for behavioral change in individual customers. For example, some auto insurers provide telematics devices for insured vehicles to monitor driving behavior. As a result, a significant proportion of drivers in the telematics-monitored vehicles now drive more carefully to qualify for lower premiums on auto insurance. We believe that insurance companies are missing out on many opportunities. Insurers can motivate not just individuals, but entire communities to decrease their climate disaster risks. How? InsureColab shall bridge the insurance industry’s expertise in actuarial forecasting (e.g. http://actuariesclimateindex.org/home/ ) with the individuals, communities and organizations willing to improve their risk scores through appropriate improvements, trainings, and other interventions. By partnering with InsureColab, insurance companies can profitably expand their markets and customer base, diversify their exposure to risks, and modulate the human factors that might further mitigate risks. As an example, at InsureColab, we envision a future in which an insurance company can communicate a newly-established guideline for risk reduction to a social media “community” that purchased insurance as a group, and the members of the community will work amongst themselves at the grassroots level to implement the risk-reduction recommendations - since that financially benefits all members of that group.
A hypothetical example: a Facebook group of fishermen in two adjoining villages in Sri Lanka are advised - via the InsureColab targeted messaging lists- to not go out to sea if the wind speed exceeds 22 mph. The fishermen from one village police each other to follow that guideline from the insurer, while a few members of the second village claim their location is not as much affected by the wind. Using the InsureColab platform, the second village requests a re-evaluation of the guideline. The insurer determines that some boats in the second village may indeed weather winds of up to 25 mph, but that the overall risk to the population of both villages is fairly equivalent at 22 mph. Both villages decide to erect and share data from a wind speed measuring & weather alert station, which is partly subsidized by the local government. Not only are the villagers better-informed and protected as a result, but even the insurer gets to improve its analytics and forecasting tools, while continuing to offer affordable insurance to both village communities.
In areas where InsureColab has information on relevant government programs and incentives, or has even established connections with those programs, our platform will help users discover available incentives, as previously mentioned. For example, existing government programs in nutrition and personal hygiene, wherein the government provides free/subsidized necessities like staple food items and personal care items, can tie those subsidies to the completion of InsureColab-driven community programs in disaster preparedness. Wealthier communities and businesses can lower their property/business tax assessments by demonstrating disaster preparedness and hazard insurance. Larger corporations can invest in climate change preparedness programs in their local areas as part of their corporate social responsibility commitments, whether voluntary or mandatory.
Institutions, whether they are academic, non-profit, or for-profit corporate entities, will be important partners in our initiatives. Their campuses, facilities and business infrastructure are susceptible to climate disasters, but they can also be improved to improve their resiliency - and earn incentives from the government and from insurers. But perhaps more importantly, institutions are built on people - and disasters like floods, climate-related disease outbreaks, etc can affect these people, i.e. employees as well as customers. Institutions can enhance their *Safe Workplace* certification by mandating training for their staff, and low intensity simulations as described in C above. They can also offer discounted group insurance policies for their employees who have demonstrated the required skills to face disaster situations. As InsureColab builds up more and more institutional partners, we shall also facilitate expertise sharing between them, insurers, disaster specialists and governments. Moreover, as we mention in Proposed Pilot Program below, specific institutions can give us access to important audiences like farmers, etc.
Thus, InsureColab’s improved process for exploring, shopping and purchasing insurance products will bring individuals, communities, organizations, businesses and governments together with insurance companies, to build up their capacity to Anticipate and Absorb climate hazards, while Reshaping the relationships between these stakeholders to foster resilience in the face of climate change.
Who will take these actions?
The online platform http://www.insurecolab.com and app to bring together community,insurance companies and Governments authorities to provide incentivized insurance coverage which will be built by us. Gamification tools also will be developed by collaborating with suitable partners. Gamification tools include App based games for web, smartphones and VR, AR devices. Possible collaboration with Playerthree and UN/ISDR for theirhttp://www.stopdisastersgame.org/en/home.html disaster awareness and simulation game online.
Teaming up with Virtual reality & augmented reality enthusiasts to develop more realistic disaster simulation and awareness games. We will adopt a crowdsourcing approach, and outreach to Games Developer Conference participants.
Incentive based MOOCs can be integrated with collaboration with EDX.ORG & Coursera. United Nations partners will enable us to reach out and bring potential partnerships to the program by collaborating with insurance companies and government authorities. Media spotlight, our crowdsourcing and crowdfunding campaigns, as well as targeted online communication will help us connect with more partners. Private Insurance companies and government authorities are the major partners of the platform.
Links to social protection schemes - Government & local authority, disaster management support.
- AADHAR Integration, people can get disaster & crop insurance at incentivized prices with seamless verification,integration & reimbursement.
- Using dashboards for predictive maintenance of disaster & machine learning algorithms for identifying the vulnerable section of population and areas for providing targetted aid in the event of disaster for even international organisations like Redcross & U.N who provides disaster relief.It helps them identify areas with vulnerable section like Old aged people, pregnant women & Children.
- Government welfare programmes can identify & provide missing facilities like toilets, hospitals in specific areas using this dashboard.
Where will these actions be taken?
The model can be implemented in any location which is disaster prone area or has previous history of loss of lives and property due to natural disaster.
Source:- Based on the United Nations University World Risk Index 2014
The target for these programs include small offices, small businesses, farmers, local shops, local schools & colleges, poor and middle class family whose life and property are at risk due to natural disasters who otherwise couldn't afford insurance coverage due to high cost of insurance or they don't have the technical know how for the same.
Proposed pilot program:-
Disaster in focus:- Flood
Learning from 2015 South Indian floods(Chennai).
Its been 2 years after horrific Chennai flood which even one of the author of this proposal had unfortunately experienced in full fury of nature.
Sadly not much of progress has been made still with water logging and measures to cope with the flood in Chennai. The recent rain last week created again a flood like situation, thanks to rain it stopped after hours of rainfall, they are heavily relying here on chances, chances with their life & property.
Insurecolab should be able to deploy a pilot on flood insurance, awareness & preparedness in Chennai, Tamilnadu. Private & government insurance & subsidies can be given out through insurecolab platform for strictly following flood resistant measures during construction. Understanding the flood risk to your area, preparing flood risk map of your local area. Flood experts will make this flood risk map for each property & its surroundings with best possible evacuation route.Prepare an emergency kit, household flood plan, deploy flood beacons.
Interoperability with social protection schemes (not an exhaustive list)
What are other key benefits?
Enabling insured parties to receive timely risk info & to link learning to manage risk under non-real conditions (through game/VR/AR interface) & realtime risk reduction action to premium reductions using pre disaster dashboard.
Courage from being prepared to face natural disasters.A positive ‘social engineering’ benefit: i.e., more people look out for each other, their environment, and cooperate to improve resiliency.
Trained youth & able-bodied volunteers create early rescue teams in a catastrophe.
Children’s awareness of basic safety protocols, helps adults keep families safe.
Insurance companies enjoy higher enrollment, lower claim risk.
Other service providers, employers are motivated to put down roots in disaster prone areas.
People at the bottom of the pyramid no longer feel ignored.
- Community-driven development leads to cross-functional resilience across hazards.
Financial risk mitigation for private & government insurance sector by improving the disaster preparedness measures.
What are the proposal’s costs?
The medium used as solution here is mostly digital & virtual which explains the modest budget. We understand the importance of an outreach strategy to get this applied on the ground. That will require volunteers on ground and allocating funds. To start, we'll collaborate with schools, colleges, vocational training schools, etc- if we can get the youth to think about the importance of disaster preparedness and be Insurecolab ambassadors for disaster preparedness and financial planning, then these youth can reach each family.
- Online platform, app: months 1-6.
- Outreach to insurance companies, governments: months 3-18+ (partly overlapping with #1 above).
- Initial buildup of team, and volunteers to lay groundwork: months 3- 12.
- Developing pilot insurance products in collaboration with insurers and responsive goverrnments and aid agencies: months 9-18+.
- Volunteer-led MOOC content, as well as translations/narrations, adaptations of existing MOOCs: months 9-24+.
- Youtube content development: months 12-18+.
- Gamification and awareness campaigns linked with pilot insurance products: months 15-24+.
- On-site simulations with governments, corporations, organizations: months 15-24+ .
This proposal focused on driving better decisions in the corridors of power. Better decision making on climate change issues needs not only better education/information and resources, but also a higher level of empathy to motivate decision makers to act sooner than later for climate resilient development. In most nations, policies and decisions on climate change issues and climate risk insurance are being made by politicians, bureaucrats, economists and other experts, and then passed down a hierarchy of bureaucrats, organizations and individuals for implementation. Within these chains of command, as well as in the corporate entities that get involved (such as banks, insurers, infrastructure builders, etc), individuals vary in their sensitivity to the humanitarian and societal aspects of climate change, and their motivation. We proposed gamification and simulations to increase empathy.
- State of Virtual Reality Based Disaster Preparedness and Response Training-Edbert B. Hsu, Yang Li
- The Most Realistic Simulation Training System Available
- The tech that preps soldiers for battle might soon train first responders by Arielle Duhaime-Ross
- Oculus Rift VR being used for tsunami disaster training in Japan
- Educators on teaching climate change in the classroom and how simulations help learning.