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Pitch

The best insurance is one that won't be needed. Our energy tech design can replace fossil fuel in energy generation and transportation.


Description

Summary

Instead of preparing communities to absorb impacts of climate change a better strategy and goal is to eliminate the risk by eliminating nearly 80% of man's contribution to climate change; the emissions from all energy generation and all transportation.  People then need not absorb climate impacts but can concentrate on improving their lifestyle. The best insurance is one when climate change can potentially be reversed.

Independent Energy is a group of self-funded inventors/engineers who have discovered a new aspect of physics; the ability to convert the effects of centrifugal force (g-force) into kinetic motion. We have conceived an electro-mechanical system based on this discovery that will fundamentally change the way the world creates, distributes and consumes energy. 

The system is called the P6G Centrifugal Force Generator.

The P6G will outperform all applications of fossil fuel and nuclear power in energy generation and in all modes of transportation and over a 20 year period will eliminate the cause of a majority of green house gas emissions, and thereby eliminate the risk and the need for communities to prepare to absorb these impacts. 

Poverty: Our tech can provide first time access to high levels of energy to over 1.1 billion people worldwide who are today without access to electricity, almost all of whom live in developing countries. 

World Health Organization study (2015) finds 1-in-10 people in the world (663 million) lack access to safe water. More than 500,000 children die every year from illnesses caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation, more than from Tuberculosis, AIDS and Meningitis combined.

The P6G will afford a low, flat-rate cost to desalinate, purify and pump water, making clean water and sanitation available to everyone in the world.

If we are the winners of these contest, the prize money will likely be enough to allow us to create a computer model simulation to quantify the key aspect, reducing the investment risk to potential partners.

 


What actions do you propose?

Abundant, affordable energy is a one of the foundations of civilization that affords us the opportunity to try to reach self-actualization. Man’s hierarchies of needs were made far easier to obtain during the industrial revolution that was powered by inexpensive, abundant coal. However, almost 20% of the world’s population missed out on the benefits of the industrial revolution and are still without access to electricity today and struggle to meet the basic lower needs. Early on during the industrial revolution we didn’t realize that the use of fossil fuel would not always be considered good. Today we are faced with the reality that in order keep our existing economies growing and to provide equal access to energy to those who have never had it before we need to find an energy solution that is far better than fossil fuel, nuclear power and existing renewables.

Our new technology design, called the P6G Generator, is that solution. It will offer competitive advantages that are significant enough to power a new industrial revolution. As energy is a foundation of civilization that provides a technical solution to advance if not solve the sustainable development goals with a technical solution that improves peoples lifestyle and these SDG's;

#1 Poverty: Affordable clean energy powers industrial revolution and economic activity that enables all to participate and become contributing members of the economy.

#2 Zero Hunger: Zero fuel costs to desalinate, pump, or purify water powers local, self sustainable agriculture in many more areas. Zero fuel cost energy affords climate-controlled greenhouses at any latitude or location. Transportation fuel costs eliminated makes it far easier to provide logistics for self sustainable agriculture with excess distributed to the marketplace.

#3 Good Health: Our tech will save 1.5 million lives per year by replacing cooking/heating fires with clean electricity. Water scarcity eliminated. Abundant clean energy provides access to labor saving devices for better health, better food, better water, allows more people’s basic needs to be met and the ability for more to try to achieve self-actualization.

#6 Clean Water and Sanitation: Our technology will afford a low, flat-rate cost to desalinate, purify and pump water, making clean water and sanitation available to everyone in the world. The term water scarcity becomes obsolete as water becomes clean and plentiful everywhere, all the time.

#7 Clean Energy: Our technology will change the energy paradigm from a consumption based cost model to a use-as-much-as-you-like, flat-rate cost model and will eliminate GHG’s from energy generation, industry and transportation. This technology will more impact on advancing humans to the next level than any other energy discovery since man first discovered and starting using fire.

#8 Decent Work and Economic Growth: Our technoloigy will power a new industrial revolution that everyone, everywhere will be able to participate in, all without any environmental impact. The direct impact from producing this technology alone will create a huge demand for labor that drives wages and benefits up as business seek to keep up with the demand and retain workers. As more more workers have increased levels of disposable income, the demand for all other products and service also increases.

#9 Industry: Flat-rate, use as much as you like consumption model encourages economic acitivity. When the cost of heating, cooling, lighting factories is made a flat-rate, industry can operate more often, producing more product within more places. Zero fuel costs transportation encourages delivery via heavy lift drones reduces time between remote areas.

#11 Sustainable Cities: Our technology will provide 100% of the power requirements in urban locations, by clean sources that are located within the city itself. Clean water is easy to get, santiation is easy to provide, lighting, heating, cooling of public spaces has no increased fuel cost. Transportation of food, supplies is easy from distant suppliers as heavy lift, long range electric drones provide gross zero logistics of commerce.

#13 Climate Action: Our technology makes “climate action” in the ares of energy generation and transportation unnecessary.

#14 Life Below: The rapid elimination of GHG’s from energy generation, industry and transportation will reverse the ocean warming trend in the shortest possible timeframe. No more off-shore exploration for fossil fuel.

#15 Life on Land: The rapid elimination of GHG’s from energy generation, industry and transportation will be enough to reverse the effects of climate change on land.

Technology

There is a fundamental misunderstanding of what is happening when objects roll or are rotated. Our technology, called the P6G, uses a rotational aspect that is previously undocumented and has not yet been named. Under 1G conditions (normal gravity) its existence is almost undetectable and is one reason why it has been previously unexplored. Some ask how we discovered something that other physicists have overlooked for years and the answer is partially that the design necessary to take advantage of this aspect wouldn’t have been possible until after the invention high-speed sensors and computers.

The P6G design is based on the ability to convert a portion of the effects of centrifugal force (g-force) into kinetic motion. In an experiment we demonstrated that under 1G conditions the technology converted g-force into a small amount of kinetic motion; whereas a cart accelerated at a greater rate and rolled a little further than the same cart with the technology inactive. The mathematics used to predict this experimental result indicate that when our technology is under multiple g-force conditions the conversion is increased at a geometric rate.

After funding, our plan is to computer model an advanced experiment to determine the design features and material selection that will maximize the result under multiple g-force conditions. Then we will computer model the entire generator, configured to achieve high efficiency while delivering the desired conditions to maximize the conversion of the effects of g-force into kinetic motion.

We do not know the ideal design, materials to used in various systems, ideal operating parameters, life expectancy of the unit. We do not yet have any of the software that will internally operate the device.

How the Mechanical Design Will Work

The P6G relies on two variable, computer controlled sources of energy to operate: 1. Stored renewable energy from a battery and 2. The conversion of g-force directly into kinetic motion. The quantities from each source are varied by a computer depending on the load demand and conditions inside the device.

A. A majority of conventional electricity generation systems burn a fuel to create kinetic motion from which electricity can be generated. Our technology also relies on kinetic motion but we use electricity as our “fuel” to create kinetic motion, not via a conventional motor, instead we will use a repulsive magnetic drive system, driving from the outside-in using less energy and creating far less heat while providing a mechanical advantage.

Note: Whenever heat or energy is conserved in a process, more energy is available to do the work of the device.

B. The P6G has multiple generators that roll within a contained track in a nearly frictionless environment via air bearings and maglev technologies. At start-up and low RPM, 100% of the energy required to create kinetic motion will come from the battery.

C. As the device increases in RPM, the rolling generators will be subjected to increased levels of the effects of centrifugal force. Laws of physics dictate that when the speed of rotation (RPMs) are doubled, g-force is quadrupled and conventionally it requires quadruple the energy to double the RPM’s. Our more efficient design requires only half of the input energy to obtain that. 

D. As the device approaches optimal RPM a proprietary design aspect inside each rolling generator converts a small portion of the effects of centrifugal force directly into kinetic motion. This is accomplished by the continuous redirection of the angle of the effects of centrifugal force, slightly forward of the 90 degree perpendicular in the direction that the wheel is rolling. Exactly how this can done is proprietary and is part of our provisional patent. The effects of g-force are now adding to the overall kinetic motion of the device.

As RPMs increase, g-force increases and more and more of the kinetic motion (that is the turning of the device) will come from g-force. As more and more energy enters the system, in order to maintain a given RPM, the computer will stabilize the amount of overall kinetic motion by reducing the quantity coming from the battery. Then, a given RPM is maintained while a high value of torque is created.

E. At optimal RPM the generator will be creating 30kW continuous while kinetic motion from the battery’s input is reduced down to 5%, 90% of the kinetic motion will come from the conversion of g-force and 5% is lost. The system has a balanced conservation of energy equation as 5% + 90% + 5% = 100%

The standard view of energy does not include this new source of energy and therefore often leads to the wrong conclusion of an unbalanced first-law of thermodynamics equation. Energy was neither created nor destroyed. Often this misunderstanding leads to the false conclusion that this technology appears that it will create more energy than it uses, however, this is not correct. It is calculated that the mechanical design would use 31.5kW of energy to produce 30kW of output, having a loss in the system of 1.5kW or 95% efficient. Our process is not perpetual motion as an outside energy source is always required; it is not getting something for nothing; as it is getting something from somewhere new. It does not violate any laws of physics; only works differently than conventional wisdom says it has to.

We have proven this aspect through scientific experiment. We have designed a low-friction, ultra high efficiency mechanical device to take advantage of this new aspect of physics; conversion of the effects of g-force into kinetic motion and have provisionally patented the overall design.

The device will be far superior to existing conventional energy generation and existing renewables because energy drawn off a battery for heating, cooling etc... is not drawn off at 100% like all other technologies, instead when our technology is used it is reduces draw off the battery to as low as 5%, enabling the generator to operate far longer without any environmental impact.

Several aspects make this technology possible, including:

1. Ultra high efficient creation of kinetic motion

2. Low friction environment; low heat

3. Use of mechanical advantage

4. Use of high speed computers and sensors to vary, control the input sources

5. New, proprietary ability to instantaneously convert the effects of g-force into kinetic motion

Advantages:

Size: Instead of large solar or large wind farms, the P6G would enable the typical rooftop solar home to operate 100% off-grid while the home or business could consume more energy. In transportation, such as the Tesla electric car, in its current configuration, with the addition of the P6G, it is calculated that range could be extended a factor of 20x. Since 6,000 mile (9,656 km) range is not needed, instead electric vehicles could have smaller/lighter/less expensive batteries but still have far greater range than fossil fuel vehicles. 

Latitude: The trickle draw off a battery for operation enables intermittent or unreliable solar/wind collection typical at extreme high/low latitudes.

Scalability: The mathematics indicates the design is scalable so that larger units can be designed to produce more energy.

Zero Emission: The technology design produces no emissions or dangerous waste as compared to fossil fuel and nuclear power.


Who will take these actions?

Key Actor #1: Someone to provide initial financing. Possibilities include: UN, country government, private sector venture capital, high net worth individual, or consortium. 

Key Actor #2: The proposal authors will license and transfer the technology to manufacturers with existing sales, distribution, and installation infrastructure for household/commercial energy generation use. 

Key Actor #3: The proposal authors will establish a non-profit with the purpose of bringing the technology to worlds poor at no or low-cost to the user. The non-profit will buy and distribute product in the marketplace using funds created from their independent operation.

Team

Fred Ball: (Brookfield, CT, USA) Founder, President and CEO. Fred is overseeing the day-to-day execution of company operations and working diligently to bring our equipment to realization.

Philip E. Philleson: (Ocala, FL, USA) Founder, Executive Vice President of Engineering. Phil is responsible for all engineering operations. Phil possesses hands-on expertise in the design, engineering and production of energy systems and electro/hydraulic-mechanical equipment.

Frank Perroni: (New York, NY, USA) Founder, National and International Marketing. Frank’s focus is on finding potential partners. 

Dr. John F. Doorish: (New York, NY, USA) Consultant Dr. Doorish is a Theoretical Physicist. He holds degrees in Physics from St. John’s University (BS, 1980) and MS (1985) in Applied Physics from Columbia University and a Doc­torate (1988) in Mathematics from Columbia University. 

Paul Farris: Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Consultant (Atlanta, GA, USA) Paul has a background in design development of electro-mechanical components for products within the automotive, medical equipment, aircraft, space and land vehicles. 

Glen Beanard: Electro/Mechanical Systems, Consultant (Columbia, SC, USA) Glen is an expert at advising on the relationship between mechanical and electronic control systems. 


Where will these actions be taken?

We will locate wherever our funding partner requires us to but the actions will occur worldwide replacing every application of fossil fuel and nuclear power in energy generation and every mode of transportation: air, land and sea. 

All the efforts to scale renewables from 1973 through 2014 has only reduced fossil fuel and nuclear power use by 1.2%. Clearly a new renewable energy technology is needed in order to make more significant progress. Shown worldwide fuel sources for electricity generation:


What are other key benefits?

1.) Creates an industry revolution with jobs and unprecedented economic growth without an impact on the climate

2.) Affords the opportunity so that all others who missed out on the coal powered industrial revolution can obtain an equal standard of living. 

3.) Water scarcity eliminated; zero fuel cost to desalinate ocean water. 

4.) Man's contribution to climate change from energy generation and transportation eliminated


What are the proposal’s costs?

Independent Energy wants to form a joint-venture equity partnership with either: 1.) An existing manufacturer with engineering and computer modeling infrastructure in place or 2.) A financial partner to finance the creation of our own infrastructure. Our budget calls for $1.5 million dollars per year for two years and includes 6 employees, office space, hardware, software, tooling, additional patents and more.

1.) Computer Modeled Proof-of-Concept: (optional - within 11 months, cost to be determined) This advanced proof-of-concept initiative is available if our potential partner requires it as a means to reduce investment risk. Build an computer modeled concept unit that subjects the key aspect to multiple g-force conditions; amplifying the process and enabling outside evaluators the ability to collect data and quantify the effects of centrifugal force used to create kinetic motion as previously proven in earlier 1G experiments.

2. Virtual Fully Functional Prototype: (Within year 1-3, $1.5 million per year) design and model a computer-aided engineering (CAE), simulation analysis generator. Utilize computer-driven tools within the CAD software to operate the device calculating stress and strain, anticipating motion and deflection, thermodynamic processes, efficiencies, energy usage, energy output, vibration, noise and estimated cost for each component when manufactured. 

3.) Licensing & Technology Transfer (Years 2-3+) Using the engineering analysis simulation model, license OEM manufacturers in every other applicable industry and application using their existing distribution channels. Licensee’s will include hundreds of manufacturers that will make product to power buildings worldwide plus multiple manufacturers each in all transportation categories air, land and sea. Company becomes primarily a technology transfer and patent protection operation.


Time line

1-5 Years: Product will start market penetration with increasing numbers of manufacturers for energy generation in residential and commercial applications. 

5-10 Years: As the number of manufacturers increases, more competition causes the premium paid by early adopters to diminish. Cost of the technology continues to decrease as productivity and competition increases, affording more users the ability to buy.

10-20 Years: Manufacturing of product has spread to just about every jurisdiction with manufacturing productivity and prices at their optimal levels. Market penetration has nearly eliminated all uses of fossil fuel and nuclear power.

20-50 Years: 99% of the world population now has access to high levels of zero-emission electricity improving lifestyle with labor saving and life saving devices and amenities. Only places where human interference has prevented deployment will they be without the technology. Flat-rate, fuel-free, high speed, heavy lift autonomous drones connect the world making excess specialty goods and services produced in one region of the world, competitively transported anywhere else in the world.

50-100 Years: New technologies and applications are invented based on the “new” idea that there are other non-thermodynamic methods to create work (not based on using heat to create kinetic motion).

A future adaptation of the P6G technology might theoretically enable a continual off-balance effect, in one direction that can be steered. In other words a non-Newtonian propulsion method… a way to push forward without having to push back, or unidirectional thrust.

Imagine a transportation vehicle that is capable of constant acceleration at a rate equivalent to 1G (which is 9.806 m/s2) for the first half the trip and then decelerates at 1G for the second half of the trip. The estimated time between any two furthest points of earth (approximately 12,240 miles apart) would be 46 minutes travel time or less anywhere on earth.


Related proposals

Our technology changes the energy paradigm; how energy is created, distributed and consumed. It is very likely any other plans or proposals that are based on traditional energy assumptions and assumptions of how we need to deal with climate change will need to changed or potentially won't be needed at all. A significant quantity of UN Sustainable Development Goals will be satisfied requiring a re-evaluation of what the new goals should be. Our proposal changes (improves) just about everything. 


References

Science: The ability to convert g-force into kinetic motion was already proven by experiment and a developed equation by Professor Jorge C. Cure. The process explored we call the Down The Ramp Effect (DTRE)

To investigate the reality of the DTRE, we built a four-wheel cart with the total mass of 61 pounds. Each wheel of the cart had a mass equal to 12.1875 pounds and had the ability to have the technology locked (normal) or unlocked (active), known as the Annular Down The Ramp Effect Device (ADTRED)

Time: One experiment consisted in timing a cart rolling down an inclined plane. According to theoretical predictions the cart should take less time, in traveling the same distance, when the ADTRED is active in the four wheels as compared with the rolling cart having the ADTRED locked.

In this experiment the cart rolled down the ramp a distance of 19 feet and 11 inches, inclined 3', first with the DTRE locked, and later with the DTRE unlocked. In the first run the time was measured ten times; in the second run the time was measured seven times. The accuracy of the timing device is 0.01 seconds. The average times t along with the root mean square deviations are the following:

t (locked = normal) 6.01 ± 0.024 (seconds), t (unlocked = with DTRE) = 5 .94 ± 0 . 014 (seconds)

Time (unlocked) does not overlap the lower bound 5.99 sec of the time (locked). This experimental result shows that the cart gain energy when its wheels had the ADTRED activated.

Distance: The dynamical test consisted in letting a cart to roll down a ramp formed by two inclined planes connected by a smooth curve. The total length of the ramp was 48 feet.

In this experiment the cart started from rest; it descended the ramp in the beginning to later ascend another ramp to a maximum height. Fourteen runs were made with the wheels of the cart having the ADTRED locked. Another set of thirteen runs were made with the ADTRED unlocked. Marks were recorded on graph paper from which the average and root mean square deviations were calculated: difference in distance = 2.88 (inches) further with the Down the Ramp Effect activated.

This last result is extraordinary. The cart ascended a vertical distance h = 2.88 · sin (3') = 0.15 inches, which correspond to a gain of energy. When the ADTRED was activated the total mass of the cart did not change or did the moment of inertia of the wheels. The cart, through the ADTRED, simply extracted energy from the centrifugal field associated to the spinning wheels of the cart.

Conclusion: The cart traveled the same distance in a shorter timeframe and ascended a few inches more the second inclined plane. The extra energy the cart needed to accelerate faster and ascend more the second inclined plane was extracted from the centrifugal field of the four rolling wheels by the DTRE under normal 1G conditions. This extra centrifugal energy was immediately converted into kinetic energy of translation of the center of mass of the cart, and rotational kinetic energy of the wheels.