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Low cost protected house and Initial mother seed lot is critical for regain agriculture livelihood after weather impact to rural farmers


Description

Summary

Sri Lanka is one of the countries most vulnerable to global climatic changes. This is due to the droughts, floods, heavy rains, landslide rises and tornadoes of the 2016 and 2017 Domains, the rush of heavy rains, the increase in dry and hot days.

n the last two years of over two years of drought in 2016, nearly 32% of the yield of the cultivation land was completely destroyed in the 2016/2017 Maha Season. The water level of the reservoirs has dropped to 30%. More than one million people in 23 districts face insecurity and food insecurity. The price of rice has increased by 40%. . Due to the low water level and the shortage of seeds in irrigation schemes, the paddy production in 2017 Yala season  will be reduced to 1.15 million metric tons, five years by 40% compared to 2016.

Overall objective this project is support to regain natural disaster affected rural farmers by providing essential agriculture inputs and technologies

Other objectives of the project are.

  • Improve the knowledge and skills relevant to the climate smart agriculture.
  • Creation of  insurance based all-around protection   system covering all crops.

  • Revitalization of traditional wisdom to adaptation for adverse climate impact .

  • Adaptation options and identification of options for the Climate Insurance market.

  •  Improvement of seed production

  • Adaptive Participatory Technology Development.

  • Conservation of local genetic resources in farming  system.

  • introduction of adoptive traditional knowledge.

  • Provide water supply facilities.  

  • Provide alternative cultivation  technical know-how.

    Introduction of conservation agriculture.

    Introduction of ancient water harvesting and management systems.

    Changing the attitudes of  improve the water management skills of farmers

    Provide agro-meteorological information and instructions accordingly. Participatory action research will be a main operation strategy of the project and this approach  will important to scale up and replicate of this project other  place in the world


What actions do you propose?

Preliminary study  will carryout of the target location through field observation,  secondary information and rapid rural appraisal to understand the ground situation and fix the bench marks.

Project appraisal will carryout as  second steps with support of information gathered through initial field study  and it will done by expert panel.

Basic awareness  meeting will conduct to aware different stakeholders and beneficiaries of  the  project.

Development of technical manual for training and implementation.

Negotiation with national insurance trust fund and insurance companies to development and implementation of index based   overall insurance program.

Negotiation with department of meteorological and  telecommunication companies for setup delivery system of weather information.

Establishment community seed bank.

Training of  farmers on climate smart agriculture techniques.

Distribution of inputs for climate smart agriculture.   

Implementation of   new insurance system.

Establishment of climate risk adaptation trust fund  


Who will take these actions?

This project is  collaborative  project will be  implemented collaborating with farmers communities,  government institutions, private sectors and NGO s and different stakeholders will play different role in this project.  

Private sectors

  • Distribution of products and services  among the member of GCU
  • Provide the guaranteed market for the farmers.
  • Distribution of quality inputs.
  • Assurance for the credit.
  • Provide grant for the farmers  if necessary. 
  • Find and organize contract farmers.
  • Training  and coaching of farmers .

Government sector

  • Initiation and co-implementation of the project .
  • Help organize farmers.
  • Advocacy service for ongoing issues of the project.
  • Coo-financing for the project.
  • Institutional support for the private sector.
  • Advocacy service for ongoing issues of the project.
  • Project monitoring
  • Coo-implementation project
  • Advocacy service for ongoing issues of the project.
  • Project monitoring evaluation and redirecting.

 Green technology forum(NGO)

  • Coo-financing for the project.
  • Coo-implementation project
  • Advocacy service for ongoing issues of the project.
  • Project monitoring evaluation and redirecting.

 


Where will these actions be taken?

This project will suitable to implement collaborating with farmers communities,  government institutions, private sectors and NGO s and different stakeholders will paly different role in this project.   Will suitable to implement in Asian countries  such as Sri Lanka , India, Bangladesh etc and African and Latin American countries.  


What are other key benefits?

  • Saved livelihoods for farmers from natural disasters.
  •  Assured   national food security.
  •   Innovative technology for adaptation
  •  Empowered farmer communities to face climate risk
  •  Assured agribusiness for private sectors
  •  New opportunities for insurance market.
  •  Conservation of natural resource, genetic resource and indigenous knowledge

 

 


What are the proposal’s costs?

This project is design multidimensional sustainability aspects. There fore  it may not have significant environmental or social cost compare with  befits which  will  generated by this project.


Time line

short term action

 

Preliminary study 

Project appraisal .

Basic awareness  meeting will conduct to aware different stakeholders and beneficiaries of  the  project.

Development of technical manual for training and implementation.

Negotiation with national insurance trust fund and insurance companies 

Negotiation with department of meteorological and  telecommunication companies 

Medium term

Seed bank estabilishment

Technology development

 Participatory action research program

Long term 

continues implementation of index based   overall insurance program.

continues implementation of climate risk adaptation fund  


Related proposals


References

1. Rice and THE SITUATION human nutritionhttp://www.fao.org/rice2004/en/f-sheet/factsheet3.pdf

2.Climate change and rice 

https://books.google.lk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=2zI6-PxHvhMC&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=climate+change+and+rice+s.peng&ots=CZ0SiMA52b&sig=AvbddztW-wvFhdFgPCnnPJhE8T0&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=climate%20change%20and%20rice%20s.peng&f=false

3. Food system shock

https://www.google.lk/search?biw=1366&bih=637&ei=9IZDWta6DMvVvATutbDoDQ&q=Food%2520System%2520Shock_June%25202015.pdf&oq=Food%2520System%2520Shock_June%25202015.pdf&gs_l=psy-ab.3...3265.8259.0.8938.41.12.0.0.0.0.259.1176.3j5j1.9.0....0...1c.1j2.64.psy-ab..38.0.0....0.1V6J3O25Fj8