The existential need for a comprehensive global scale carbon negative infrastructure and consumer materials revolution is supported below.
The following is an early working draft and the judges, fellows, advisors and fellow authors are welcomed and encouraged to ask as many questions during the development of the draft and make as many suggestions as possible. Individuals wishing to join the team simply need to let me know.
What actions do you propose?
Industrial bioreactors (general usage/design)
A few uses for low cost/sustainably built bioreactors and their products:
The Next World-Changing Supermaterial Is Grown, Not Made
"Cellulose, in its macro form, is one of the most abundant things on the planet. That's what tree bark is made out of. That's the fiber in your bowl of shredded wheat. But like so many other things, cellulose is a different beast at a sub-nanometer scale. Remind you of anything? When nanocellulose is tweaked just right — chained into long polymers or crystallised — it could be put to use in super-light body armor, biofuel, new thin displays, making ridiculously light aerogels, even growing replacement organs for transplants. The stuff has serious potential."
Nanocellulose Algae: The 'Super Material' Of The Future Will Be Cheap, Strong And Organic
Bacterial cellulose. I. Factors affecting the production of cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum
Engineering algae to make the 'wonder material' nanocellulose for biofuels and more
Translational study between structure and biological response of nanocellulose from wood and green algae
Ocean microbes display a hidden talent: releasing countless tiny lipid-filled sacs
Panansonic develops world's most efficient artificial photosynthesis system
Algal protein provides more efficient way to split water and produce hydrogen
Supercritical water treatment of biomass for energy and material recovery
"South Africa’s Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) is about to host the first public showcase of their Coalgae™ technology, an outgrowth of the Microalgae-to-Energy Project begun in 2009 to promote late generation biofuels in support of the National Biofuels Strategy."
The below technology is a form of dark culitivation which uses hydrogen as opposed to light. Interestingly, it also produces water!
REDUCTION OF CARBON DIOXIDE COUPLED WITH THE OXYHYDROGEN REACTION IN ALGAE:
The below technology puts the above to use.
New developments in recirculating aquaculture systems in Europe: A perspective on environmental sustainability
Per: The National Climate Assessment, Chapter 28: Adaptation. US Global Change Research Program (focus is on US)
a) Barriers to implementation of adaptation include limited funding, policy and legal impediments, and difficulty in anticipating climate-related changes at local scales.
b) Vulnerability to climate change is exacerbated by other stresses such as pollution, habitat fragmentation, and poverty. Adaptation to multiple stresses requires assessment of the composite threats as well as tradeoffs amongst costs, benefits, and risks of available options.
c)The effectiveness of climate change adaptation has seldom been evaluated, because actions have only recently been initiated and comprehensive evaluation metrics do not yet exist.
Needed Focus Point:
1) New approaches and strategies:
2) Identifying synergies and mainstreaming adaptation:
3) Financing and partnerships:
4) Communication, education, participation and awareness (CEPA):
5) Fostering collective decision-making:
6) Paying attention to the robustness of proposed adaptation interventions:
Fish Carbon: Exploring Marine Vertebrate Carbon Services:
"Fish Carbon provides a direct channel through which governments and the private sector can meet national, regional and global commitments on climate change and sustainability. The recognition and valuation of marine vertebrate carbon services may support policies to improve oceanic carbon function, thereby helping to mitigate climate change, and to improve marine ecosystem management."
"Although many advances have been made in the last few years, there are still many challenges associated with unlocking the values of coastal carbon and ecosystem services; and then turning them into revenue and management options. The science still contains many gaps, there are very few ‘proof of concept’ on-the-ground examples around the world, and the international community still does not fully recognize the value of these systems for climate change mitigation or adaptation.
The Blue Forests Project aims to address these challenges through coordinated on-the-ground demonstrations where better coastal ecosystem management is achieved by harnessing the values associated with carbon and ecosystem services, addressing key knowledge gaps, and providing experience and tools for greater global application. This four year project is an initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and co-financed by project partners, and managed by GRID-Arendal, a Norwegian foundation and center collaborating with UNEP."
Engineered approaches to blue carbon:
"A US Department of Energy study from 2001 proposed to replicate a natural process of carbon sequestration in the ocean by combining water rich in CO2 gas with carbonate[CO3-] to produce a bicarbonate [HCO3-] slurry. Practically, the engineered process could involve hydrating the CO2 from power plant flue gas and running it through a porous bed of limestone to ‘fix’ the carbon in a saturated bicarbonate solution. This solution could then be deposited at sea to sink in the deep ocean. The cost of this process, from capture to ocean burial, was estimated to range between $90 to "A US Department of Energy study from 2001 proposed to replicate a natural process of carbon sequestration in the ocean by combining water rich in CO2 gas with carbonate[CO3-] to produce a bicarbonate [HCO3-] slurry. Practically, the engineered process could involve hydrating the CO2 from power plant flue gas and running it through a porous bed of limestone to ‘fix’ the carbon in a saturated bicarbonate solution. This solution could then be deposited at sea to sink in the deep ocean. The cost of this process, from capture to ocean burial, was estimated to range between $90 to $180 per tonne of CO2 and was highly dependent on the distance required to transport limestone, seawater, and the resulting bicarbonate solution.80 per tonne of CO2 and was highly dependent on the distance required to transport limestone, seawater, and the resulting bicarbonate solution.
Expected benefits from bicarbonate production over direct CO2 gas injection would be a significantly lesser increase in ocean acidity and a longer timescale for burial before the captured carbon would be released back to the atmosphere."
Coastal “blue” carbon A revised guide to supporting coastal wetland programs and projects using climate finance and other financial mechanisms:
"Finding the adequate financial support to set up a coastal carbon project or program is not an undemanding task. However, reports like this one, or other tools and resources, are trying to ease the way through the climate finance jungle. Wetland –coastal or other – conservation and restoration efforts are more important than ever, and climate finance can help materialize some real implementation on the ground. Climate change finance, additionally coupled and leveraged through biodiversity finance, offers a suite of funding, as well as a plethora of financial mechanisms to support the conservation and restoration of wetlands worldwide, yet is not easy to get hold off. This report tried to provide the reader interested in coastal carbon activities with a first overview of the types of finance available. The scope and scale as well as the geographical and political situation will determine which mechanism, or which A final word 8 A final word combination of mechanisms, is accessible for the development and implementation of a particular wetland carbon project or program. The stated literature and reading sources provide further insights and details for the reader to engage much deeper with a specific fund and/or financial mechanism. And as a final note, it has to be borne in mind that financing for climate change, biodiversity, and water resources will remain a quickly changing subject matter for quite some years to come; and, therefore, checking the information against the latest on the provided websites is a wise approach."
The below is accredited to: http://www.ne.jp/asahi/mh/u/HoriCNES_ES.pdf
Who will take these actions?
Where will these actions be taken?
Globally to include both marine and terrestrial production.
What are other key benefits?
11 - 20 JULY 2016, NEW YORK | MINISTERIAL DAYS FROM 18 - 20 JULY
The High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development is United Nations central platform for the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, adopted at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September 2015.
The Forum, which adopts a Ministerial Declaration, is expected to start effectively delivering on its mandates to provide political leadership, guidance and recommendations on the 2030 Agenda's implementation and follow-up; keep track of progress; spur coherent policies informed by evidence, science and country experiences; as well as address new and emerging issues.
What are the proposal’s costs?
All stages of a future carbon negative infrastructure, and its related goods and services, can be profitable and there are multiple pathways for initial funding.
Under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), emission-reduction projects in developing countries can earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits. These credits can be traded and sold by industrialized countries to meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. Financing for the Adaptation Fund comes mainly from sales of certified emission reductions. The share of proceeds amounts to 2 percent of the value of CERs issued each year for CDM projects.
FAO begins deploying “fish magnets” to help Somali coastal communities
Foogle or GAO? Google Earth Director about the partnership with FAO
El Niño impact in Ethiopia and FAO destocking activity
FAO and China launch new South-South Cooperation Program in Democratic Republic of Congo
4th FAO Private Sector Partnerships Dialogue – Highlights from the Event
A Carbon Negative Infrastructure and Economy: A Systems Design/Mngmt Approach
UN Oceanic Resources Conservation and Adaptation Platforms (O.R.C.A. Cities)
Ocean Farming Hydrogen and Hydrogen Fueled Aircraft
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bio-energy_with_carbon_capture_and_storage http://www.nrel.gov/news/features/2015/19532
- The Great Debate: CLIMATE CHANGE - Surviving The Future (OFFICIAL) - (Part 1/2-min.41)
A commercialization strategy for carbon-negative energy
Clustering Mangroves, Shrimps and Seaweed
Irrigated afforestation of the Sahara and Australian Outback to end global warming
Learning through a portfolio of carbon capture and storage demonstration projects
Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions
Current status and outlook in the application of microalgae in biodiesel production and environmental protection