Pursuing the Economical Enhancement of Supercritical Fluids! by Johnnie Buttram
"Seeking the sustainability of supercritical fluids that may be found in uncharted waters!"
Several years ago a lady, who was raised in Olangapo, Philippines,
told me that she was 17 when Mount Pinatubo erupted in 1991 . .
and her family and friends truly believed this was the biblical end
of the world!
Of course with Mount Pinatubo being just about 20 miles from
Olangapo and the eruption being 8 times greater than the Mt. St.
Helen's eruption in the U.S.A., the horrific impact of approximately
1,174 million tons of water, sulfur, and carbon dioxide; 921 million
tons of H20; 19 million tons of SO2; and 234 million tons of CO2;
raining down on your head day after day in total darkness would
have probably scared me to death!
I have often thought about the natural phenomenon of volcanic
factors and how the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo has become
a benchmark to help gauge and measure the perimeters and
variables of climate change.
I have also wondered . . how many of our approximately 30,000
seamounts, hydrothermal vents, black smokers and white smokers
in the Pacific Ocean and over 1,000 in the Atlantic Ocean have
equaled or exceeded the positive and negative potentials of
Mount Pinatubo. (Reference - 1) Found: The Hottest Water on
Earth - Catherine Brahic
* * *
This proposal is designed to economically produce supercritical
fluids to help serious science and engineering innovators prepare
global strategies to address the economics of food, water,
drought, energy, and climate change issues.
A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and
pressure above its critical point, where distinct liquid and gas
phases do not exist. It can effuse through solids like a gas, and
dissolve materials like a liquid. (Reference - 2) Supercritical fluid -
* * * * * * *
Supercritical fluids have the potential to save lives!
Category of the action
Reducing emissions from electric power sector.
What actions do you propose?
This barge or a reasonable facsimile is designed to safely extract
supercritical fluids from hydrothermal vents to help our planetary
scientists and engineers focus on the essentials we need to
sustain the masses.
At sea level the air that surrounds us presses down on our bodies
14.5 pounds per square inch (one bar).
For every 33 feet (10.06 meters) you go down, the pressure
increases by 14.5 psi (one bar).
A height of water column 100 meters deep would have a
hydrostatic pressure of 10 (bar) and a (psi) of 142.
Black smokers were first discovered in 1977 on the East Pacific
Rise by scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Now, black smokers are known to exist in the Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans, at an average depth of 2100 meters.
A hydrothermal vent of 2100 meters deep would have a hydrostatic
pressure of 210 (bars) and a (psi) of 2982.
* * * * * * * * *
This proposal is based on the premise that if we use a controlled
environment inside a stringed casing to penetrate, air prime, and
reverse sequence within &/or above the turbulent
supercritical vent chamber, we may be able to create the dynamics
we need to bring supercritical fluids to the surface!
* * * * * * * * *
(1) Position the activation barge over the hydrothermal vent.
(2) Install the casing string, where the foot is submerged within the
turbulence of the hydrothermal vent and the top of the string is
connected to the discharge and control tree on the barge.
Contingent upon the situation, the foot may or not be perforated or
Also . . if the hydrothermal vent is located in very cold water , a
thermal insulation jacket on the casing may be used to ensure the
vent water arrives to the surface at a supercritical temperature.
* * * * * * * * *
If the dynamics surrounding the foot are not sufficient to disturb
the inertia to bring the supercritical fluids to the surface . . .
(3) Connect an air compressor pump to the discharge and control
tree and pump all the liquid inside the casing downward and out
the foot which is submerged in the turbulence at the vent site.
(4) Shut off the compressor pump and open the casing valve on
the discharge and control tree to vent to the atmosphere or
This sequence of filling an empty casing string with supercritical
energy and the fact that every 33 feet (10.6 meters) we go up . .
decreases the pressure by 14.5 psi . . may create the inertia
dynamic of flow to the surface, where the valves on the control
tree may direct supercritical energy to designated tasks.
* * * * * * * * *
If there was a need to create a supercharged dynamic to this
equation . . we could . .
(5) Have a remote operated valve far enough above the
hydrothermal vent so as not to sustain damage from the heat.
(6) Connect an air compressor pump to the discharge and control
tree and push the water out through the foot which is submerged
in the turbulence at the vent site.
(7) Close the remote valve.
(8) Also, connect a vacuum pump on the discharge and control tree
and empty the casing string of all the air until we pull a slight
(9) Open the remote valve and then a few seconds later open the
valve on the discharge and control tree to vent the supercritical
water to the atmosphere &/or processing barges.
* * * * *
A processing barge is a floating or secured entity designed to
utilize supercritical energy into fuels, foods, and useful products.
Dedicated researchers and scientists sincerely believe the Ocean
Afforestation Ecosystem has the potential to help neutralize
many of our ongoing and future planetary problems. (Reference -
3) Managed Seaweed Forests - Mark Capron (Ocean Foresters)
As one example;
Mitsubishi Research Institute has developed a process that
converts seaweed into useful energy. Their researchers found
that seaweed when blasted with super heated steam discharges
hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases that can be used to create
a biofuel, which, in turn, discharges no extra carbon dioxide when
burnt. (Reference - 4) Mitsubishi Research Institute
The Great Pacific garbage patch is estimated to be about the size
of Texas to more than twice the size of the continental United
States. (Reference - 5) Great Pacific Garbage Patch
Supercritical fluids may help turn this floating dilemma into fuels
and useful products. (Reference - 6) Waste Plastic Gasification
This barge is designed to use electrolytical processes
(electrolysis) to decomposition chemical compounds into ions
using the action of an electric current passing through the
These hydrolytic processes of removing minerals and metals from
the hydrothermal vents may prove to be beneficial to mankind.
This barge contains the equipment, spare parts and personnel to
maintain and quickly react to conditions that would slow down the
Who will take these actions?
Governments, institutions, collations, consortiums, Non-profit
Organizations (NPOs), Non-government Organizations (NGOs),
and individuals concerned about the welfare of everyone on
Where will these actions be taken?
Everywhere on Planet Earth there is an opportunity to make a
If we can expand our abilities to tweak the dynamics of down-hole
hydrostatic pressure and "bubble-up" energy at a fair profit, at a
fair price, we may provide the essentials we will need for a better
How much will emissions be reduced or sequestered vs. business as usual levels?
Do to overlapping factors & variables: Emission reductions are
contingent upon how many phases of the operation are successful!
What are other key benefits?
. . . Planet Earth is faced with three realities . . .
(1) With ample food, water, and shelter . . there is NORMALCY!
(2) With limited food, water, and shelter . . there is ADAPTATION!
(3) Without food, water, and shelter . . there is MIGRATION and CHAOS!
Cultivated land should never be depleted of its nutrients -
trading carbon footprints that are debatable.
Especially now, when crops we have always taken for granted are
failing to produce.
Cultivated land should be used to feed a starving world!
The utilization of supercritical fluids may be the dynamic we
desperately need to provide the essentials for Planet Earth.
What are the proposal’s costs?
According to the Guardian, The International Energy Agency
estimates the world needs to invest more than $45 Trillion in new
energy systems over the next 30 years.
$ $ $ $ CONVENTIONAL COSTS $ $ $ $
Geothermal power at 4 to 7 U.S. cents Per Kilowatt Hour, coupled
with erratic oil prices, are making geothermal energy an
increasingly important source of worldwide electricity production.
The Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) is a project and
consortium of leading energy companies focused to drill deep
enough into the roots of a conventional high standard
hydrothermal system to produce water at Supercritical Conditions
and bring it to the surface as 400-600 C superheated steam at
subcritical pressures. (Reference - 7) Iceland deep drilling project
Estimated cost of a full scale IDDP well: U$ $ 14-16 millions.
Estimated cost of a 5 km deep production well: U$ $ 8-9 millions.
(Reference - 8) About IDDP
* * * * * * * * *
$ SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS AT A LOWER COST! $
This unprecedented process titled, "Pursuing the Economical
Enhancement of Supercritical Fluids!" eliminates the high cost of
coring as the the casing is simply lowered into the supercritical
water chamber to prime, disturb the " Inertia ", and extract
this life saving energy to the surface.
Although - there are many factors and variables to consider - the
activation barge to began this process could be in a start-up mode
in approximately 90 days contingent upon a decision to move
If the activation barge is successful, the barges associated with
utilizing supercritical fluids will follow based on the needs and
abilities of global leadership.
The attached proposal titled, "Inertia Dynamics", is dedicated to
the inherent determination of innovators who focus and push on . .
even when their search for solution is without previous instance
or in sync with traditional and conventional thoughts embraced by
their peers. (Reference - 9) Inertia Dynamics (Hydraulic fracturing)
This update to the above " Inertia Dynamics" proposal (emphasis mine)
is based on information provided by the U.S. Geological Survey and the
Oklahoma Geological Survey.
From 1978 to 2012 (34 years) Oklahoma had 201 earthquakes with a
magnitude of 3.0 or greater . . approximately 6 per year.
Between October, 2013 and April, 2014 (approximately 6 months)
Oklahoma has registered 183 earthquakes with a magnitude of 3.0 or
greater . . approximately 31 per MONTH.
Would it be incorrect for Oklahomans to assume the fracking train has
left the station and someone may be asleep at the wheel?
(Reference - 1)
(Reference - 2)
(Reference - 3)
(Reference - 4)
(Reference - 5)
(Reference - 6)
(Reference - 7)
(Reference - 8)
(Reference - 9)