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This proposal is based on Pathways to Deep Decarbonzation in the EU, a report prepared by the Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project.


Description

Summary

This seed proposal is a joint summary of the four European reports of the Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project: Pathways to deep decarbonization in Germany, Pathways to deep decarbonization in the United Kingdom, Pathways to deep decarbonization in France, and Pathways to deep decarbonization in Italy. The proposal was prepared by a Climate CoLab Fellow. We invite other CoLab members to link to this proposal or to use it as a starting point for creating new proposals of their own. DDPP has not reviewed or endorsed this proposal.

DDPP is a collaborative global research initiative to understand how individual countries can transition to a low-carbon economy consistent with the internationally agreed goal of limiting anthropogenic warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius (°C).

It was convened under the auspices of the the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) and the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).

The country teams include researchers from leading institutions in their respective countries, acting independently; they do not represent the official positions of their national governments.

The four European participants in the DDPP are the largest GHG emitters within the EU. In 2012, the four countries generated over half of total EU emissions: Germany (20.6%), UK (13.1%), France (10.8%), and Italy (10.6%). Under the DDPP these countries assume emission reductions by 2050 ranging from 75% to 95% below 1990 levels.

In order to achieve the country pathways objectives, all relied on three pillars of the energy system transformation:

1. Energy efficiency and conservation: energy intensity of GDP is reduced between 55-75 percent between 2015 and 2050, with a 2% energy intensity reduction annually, to achieve 20-50% energy use reduction. Energy efficiency gains are specially relevant in the buildings sector.

2. Decarbonizing electricity and fuels: the electricity sector carbon intensity decreases 65-100% by 2050, with nuclear in the UK and French mixes.

3. Switching end uses to low-carbon supplies: electrification and/or use of biomass or synthetic fuels such as hydrogen goes from a 20% share to 30-45%.

The variability in the figures responds to national circumstances, specially the French electricity low carbon-intensity, due to high nuclear power use.

Finally, all country pathways included a cap&trade scheme in the form of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS).


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References

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization Project. Pathways to deep decarbonization in Germany. 2015 Report. http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/DDPP_DEU.pdf

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization Project. Pathways to deep decarbonization in the United Kingdom. 2015 Report. http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/DDPP_GBR.pdf

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization Project. Pathways to deep decarbonization in France. 2015 Report. http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/DDPP_FRA.pdf

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization Project. Pathways to deep decarbonization in Italy. 2015 Report. http://deepdecarbonization.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/DDPP_ITA.pdf