National Climate Plan of Russia by Katia Vladimirova
This proposal is based on Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation and its supporting Plan of Realization by the Russian Federation
This seed proposal is a summary of Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2009) and Plan of Realization of Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2011) created by a Climate CoLab Fellow. We invite other CoLab members to link to this proposal or to use it as a starting point for creating new proposals of their own. Russian Federation has not reviewed or endorsed this summary.
Two key documents provide a basis for national efforts of Russia aimed at combating climate change. The first document is Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (RF), which was approved by the government in December 2009. The second document is an essential supplement to the Doctrine, which features a list of specific measures and actions to take in accordance with the Climate Doctrine (Plan of Realization of Climate Doctrine of the RF, 2011). It identifies responsible parties and deadlines for each policy direction. The timeline of the Plan is from 2011 until 2020.
Supported by a list of principles, the Doctrine envisages and the Plan elaborates on the following policies directions:
Strengthen and develop scientific basis for climate policy:
· implement a comprehensive scientific research program of climate and weather in Russia;
· integrate relevant corrections into programs of socio-economic development;
· develop a model for long-term predictions of greenhouse gases’ (GHG) emissions;
· raise awareness about energy efficiency, renewable energy use, and climate change in general; etc.
Develop and implement short- and long-term adaptation measures:
· develop criteria of “climate safety” for RF;
· prepare methodological basis for regional and sectoral adaptation plans;
· assess possible gains from climatic changes and cost-effectiveness of adaptation measures;
· assess risks by region and develop disaster risk reduction measures, especially for forest fires caused by climate change related droughts;
· infrastructure safety affected by melting permafrost;
· decrease in agricultural productivity;
· climate change-induced floods;
· increased risk of hurricanes.
Develop and implement short- and long-term mitigation measures:
· develop and implement economic instruments to limit GHG emissions;
· improve energy efficiency across sectors and specifically in electricity generation;
· develop and implement pilot projects of carbon capture and storage;
· reduce use of methane in natural gas production and transportation;
· reduce GHG emissions from transportation sector, including use of renewable fuel and hybrid transportation;
· improve energy efficiency in buildings;
· product labeling according to energy efficiency
· measures to improve reforestation
International cooperation on climate change
· improve climate monitoring systems and integrate them into international systems
· national reporting to UNFCCC
· engagement in all relevant international regimes, etc
Which proposals are included in your plan and how do they fit together?
Explanation of the emissions scenario calculated in the Impact tab
What are the plan’s key benefits?
What are the plan’s costs?
What are the key challenges to enacting this plan?
The timeline of the Plan of Realization is 2011-2020.
Russia’s INDC for COP21 - UNFCCC: https://www.climatecolab.org/web/guest/plans/-/plans/contestId/1302801/phaseId/1311118/planId/1324403
This is a summary of the following two documents (available in Russian):
Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2009): http://meteoinfo.ru/climatedoctrine
Plan of Realization of the Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2011): http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/2074495/#review