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Farmers uses agroforestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems.



Agroforestry is intensive land-use management combining trees and/or shrubs with crops and/or livestock.

Agroforestry helps landowners diversify products, markets and farm income; improve soil and water quality; and reduce erosion, non-point source pollution and damage due to flooding.

The five integrated practices of agroforestry enhance land and aquatic habitats for fish and wildlife and improve biodiversity while sustaining land resources for generations to come.

Agroforestry systems can be advantageous over conventional agricultural, and forest production methods. Biodiversity in agroforestry systems is typically higher than in conventional agricultural systems.

Agroforestry practices may also realize a number of associated environmental goals, such as: Carbon, Odour, dust, and noise reduction; Green space and visual aesthetics; Enhancement or maintenance of wildlife habitat.

What actions do you propose?

The actions are:

  1. Plans for agroforestry micro-credits loan with minimum interest especially farmers.
  2. Plans for agroforestry policies feasible and acceptable for farmer’s especially low income.
  3. Plans for more subsidies in agroforestry technologies.
  4. Plan for producing trained and skilled human resources in the country for the sector of the agroforestry.
  5. Plan for awareness especially farmers for the importance of agroforestry in local level, regional level and national level.
  6. Plan for agroforestry practices in crop and livestock farming sys­tems to adapt to and mitigate climate change.

Who will take these actions?

The key actors are:

Government leader, Agro-economist, Foresters, Environmentalist, Climatologists, Hydrologists,Sociologist, Researchers, Farmers, NGOs, INGOs, Communication medias, Banks, Private sector, Local communities, individual person and other concerned parties.

Where will these actions be taken?

Developing countries especially Nepal and other continental countries of the world where people’s economy is mainly depends on the agriculture and livestock. Selecting of these areas and collaboration of the Government agency in local and national level as well as NGOs and INGOs for starting the agroforestry program. A trained and skilled human resources in agroforestry sector as well as more subsidies in agroforestry technologies for the farmers could help implementation of sustainable agroforestry.

How much will emissions be reduced or sequestered vs. business as usual levels?

Amount of emissions will be reduced determined by the project design,Project site, implementing and monitoring system, beneficiary groups and innovative policies. Similarly, it depends upon the land use pattern, type of plants, type of soil, geology, climate of the particular areas of the environment and vice versa.

What are other key benefits?

The desirable outcomes are:

  • Sequestration of GHGs by tree-based systems
  • Sequestration of GHGs by tree plantations.
  • Sequestration of GHGs by agroforestry systems.
  • Reducing the environmental degradation.
  • Increase land scenic beauty.
  • Carbon credits being paid by fossil fuel emitters to projects that sequester or reduce carbon output becomes more common, many nations and organizations will seek to find inventive ways to sequester carbon.
  • Enrich Biodiversity, Improving the soil quality,Balancing the Ecosystem and regulating components, increase agriculture productivity and reducing the hunger problem and vice versa.

What are the proposal’s costs?

Purposal cost will be determined by the type of project, site of project, duration of time, and implementing agencies. It also determined by the baseline study of the agroforestry and it’s role of climate change for reducing the GHGs as well as government policy and vice versa.

Time line

Depending on the nature of project, site of project and amount of budget as well as implementing agencies. Generally, the project time line in short term 2-5 years for baseline survey, creating awareness, building networks, producing skilled human resources in the sector of the agroforestry, Research on agroforestry and climate change. After, 5 years, in medium term 5-10 years, implement the project activities timely and monitor regularly as well as promote the farmers for fulfilling basic needs through agroforestry. After, 10 years, long term evaluate the project goals and outcomes and amount of GHGs shrink in the atmosphere.

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