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“Disaster risk reduction” & “climate change adaptation” represent policy goals, concerned with an ongoing problem & emerging issue.




The adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.

Disaster risk reduction

The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.

 With the threat of increased disasters from climate change, many countries are already taking steps to reduce their vulnerability to weather and climatic hazards, such as floods, cyclones, heatwaves and droughts.

 Scientific evidence shows that for disasters, climate change poses a double threat. Firstly, increases are expected in the frequency and intensity of weather and climatic hazards, such as floods, tropical cyclones, heatwaves and droughts (and in some places are already occurring). Secondly, there are likely to be other changes such as ecosystem degradation, reduced availability of water and food, and impacts on livelihoods, which together will reduce the capacities of communities to cope with natural hazards, especially in poor developing countries.



Category of the Action

Integrated action plan for the world as a whole

What actions do you propose?

The action are:

  • Making  scientific and policy foundations for climate change:
    • Aware of climate change for policymakers identified the need for reductions in vulnerability and disaster risk.
    • World policy makers addressing the issue of disasters.
    • Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters.
    • Building international agreement on climate change before acting to identify and reduce existing disaster risks and to prepare for a changing future.


  • Linkages between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction:
  • Making policies that represents “disaster risk reduction” and “climate change adaptation” with an ongoing problem (disasters) and the other with an emerging issue (climate change).
  • Implementing disaster risk reduction as an adaptation strategy:
  • Government implementing disaster risk reduction in terms of policy and institutional approaches as well as technical methods and tools.

Where will these actions be taken?

Any part of the worlds especially most disaster prone areas.

Who will take these actions?

The key actors are:

Climatologist, Governments, Local  government, International organizations, Environmentalist, Economist, Engineer, Sociologist, Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Network organizations,  Researchers, NGOs, INGOs, Communication medias, Banks, Private sector,  individual and other concerned parties.

What are key benefits?

The key benefits are:

  1. Adaptation to climate change.
  2. Reduce the disaster risk for climate change.
  3. Save life and properties.
  4. Balancing the natural ecosystem.

What are the proposal’s costs?

Proposal cost will be determined by the type of project, site of project, duration of time, implementing agencies, type of technology used in the project site and vice versa.

Time line

Depending on the nature of project, site of project, amount of budget, type of technology used in project site. Generally, the project time line in short term 5-15 years for baseline survey, creating awareness of local communities, building networks, developing infrastructure, making policies and Research. After, 15 years, in medium term 15-50 years, implement the project activities timely and monitor regularly. After, 50 years, long term evaluates the project goals and outcomes.


How do these sub-proposals fit together?

Explanation of model inputs