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Pitch

Transition to Low Carbon Economy


Description

Summary

Transportation fuel is projected to be a leading source of increases in greenhouse gas emissions through 2050, contributing to climate change. To reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, we must find solutions that are broadly sustainable. Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in any diesel powered vehicle, it is biodegradable and non-toxic and  a fantastic way of reducing our carbon footprint as it only releases the carbon dioxide that the plants absorbed whilst growing, therefore there is no negative impact on the carbon cycle. On the otherhand , as corn is commonly used as feed for livestock, higher corn prices lead to higher prices in animal source foods . Vegetable oil is used to make biodiesel and has about doubled in price in the last couple years. Reports in 2007 linked stories as diverse as food riots in Mexico due to rising prices of corn for tortillas  .Thatswhy to reduce our carbon footprint aswellas worldwide hunger i choose 4R (Waste Energy Techniques)Poverty and pollution free  EcofriendlyRiceBran Biodiesel.

It  will  help  to create local economic revitalization and local environmental benefits.IT is  cost effective because  of domestic  production  and  feedstock from  agriculture residues.It  will establish  a WIN-WIN Situation - A win-win situation is one in which all the participants can profit from it in one way or the other. For instance here the RBBiodiesel Producer and the Farmers can both earn profit and continue to operate in a successful market with the flexibility of feedstock( Agriculture Residues). Hence it  will lead to A WIN - WINSITUATION for all the participants in the industry Grown, Produced and Distributed Locally.  Nearly every country in the world depends on imports of various forms of fossil fuel energy, including oil, coal and natural gas.  RBBiodiesel can improve energy security wherever it is produced in several ways: Local Agricultural Residues  


What actions do you propose?

Key benefits; Easy to use, excellent lubricity Grown, Produced & Distributed Locally & Internationally, local Agricultural Residues,

Safe & Stable Fuel, Toxicity, Biodegradability, Safety and Recycling –  All these attributes makeRB biodiesel less harmful to the environment, Creation of more employment, Jobs created for feedstock farming &/or collection, Skilled jobs created for biodiesel production & distribution.(Engineers, Technicians etc), Tax Benefits, Generation of Income for the local feedstock producers andrefiners, Hence it leads to A WIN - WINSITUATION for all the participants in the industry. significantly curb GHG Emissions(90%Carbonfootprint reduction &96MM pounds of CO2 annually), reduce our reliance oncrude oil& encourage energy diversity and reduce Worldwide Huger.

 

Mitigation: Transport is a significant emitter of greenhouse gases in cities. Investment in public transport networks and disincentives for the use of private vehicles, for example, congestion charges or taxes on vehicles, can reduce emissions from transport. Private vehicles and public transport can also be made more energy efficient, leading to lower levels of emissions. 

Cities are working together to address climate change in many different ways and through different mechanisms and organisations. They are providing data on emissions and reduction targets, sharing best practices on mitigation and adaptation, making city-level commitments, and advocating for action at national and international levels, amongst others.

 C40 is a growing network of megacities taking action to reduce greenhouse gas emissionsThe.cities are promoting innovative approaches to address the challenges posed by climate change and that they also taking advantage of the opportunities related to low-emission development., cities contribute to about 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. How cities develop therefore plays a crucial role in determining whether global temperature change can be kept below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels.The battle against climate change will be fought in the cities. Measuring emissions of cities also helps us to better understand what contribution cities are making to climate change and to global and national mitigation efforts, and to establish a baseline against which cities can pledge emission reductions. Comparing the levels of emissions between different cities can encourage knowledge sharing and also attract investment.New York City's greenhouse gas emissions as

1t spheres of
CO2 gas.

By CarbonVisuals

 

TRANSPORTIMPORTANT SHARE IN EU GHG EMISSIONS•Responsible of 25% of EU GHG emissions and 20% of EU CO2 emissions•N.B. Biofuels included in RES policy SEVERAL PIECES OF LEGISLATION•White Paper on Transport (2011)

Transportation fuel is projected to be a leading source of increases in greenhouse gas emissions through 2050, contributing to climate change. To reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, we must find solutions that are broadly sustainable. Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in any diesel powered vehicle, it is biodegradable and non-toxic and  a fantastic way of reducing our carbon footprint.

According to Policies for Sustainable Energy;EU Energy Policy goals have  three  main pillars;

1)Competitiveness ; creating a competitive Internal Energy Market 2) Security Of Supply ; EU's Supply Of And Demand For Energy Lastbut N’t Least;3) Sustainability; To Combat Climate Change By Promoting Renewable Energy Sources And Energy Efficiency. Furthermore, Overviewing Of The Oil Market , (IEA) Focuses On Major Four Areas;

1.Energy security

2.Economic development

3.Environmental awareness

4. Engagement

 My intervention’’Poverty and Pollution Free RiceBran Biodiesel ‘’ will  help  to create local economic revitalization and local environmental benefits.IT is  cost effective because  of domestic  production  and  feedstock from  agriculture residues.It  will establish  a WIN-WIN Situation - A win-win situation is one in which all the participants can profit from it in one way or the other. For instance here the RBBiodiesel Producer and the Farmers can both earn profit and continue to operate in a successful market with the flexibility of feedstock( Agriculture Residues). Hence it  will lead to A WIN - WINSITUATION for all the participants in the industry Grown, Produced and Distributed Locally.  Nearly every country in the world depends on imports of various forms of fossil fuel energy, including oil, coal and natural gas. Without a steady supply of affordable energy a country’s economy grinds to a halt, with no fuel for transportation, energy to run power plants and factories or heat homes. RBBiodiesel can improve energy security wherever it is produced in several ways: Local Agricultural Residues  - The dependence on foreign oil supplies is reduced to a large extent because of the presence of feedstock and other sources that are used to produce RB Biodiesel. With careful planning,appropriate incentives ,funds and Sustainabledevelopment based idea i will  operate and develop my intervention maintaining Environmental Impact Assessment  rules  to ensure environmental sustainability aswellas eradicate of poverty.

 

Washington, D.C. – UnderlyingPresident Obama’s commitment for the United States to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28 percent by 2025 at the COP21 climate convention in Paris, are reductions in emissions from power plants as well as advancements in vehicle fuel efficiency and the increased use of renewable fuels. Clean diesel technology will be a key aspect of the strategy to help achieve not only these commitments but also carbon reductions from other nations, according to Allen Schaeffer, the Executive Director of the Diesel Technology Forum.

“We don’t need to wait for diesel technology to significantly reduce C02 emissions,” Schaeffer said. “Diesel powered equipment in the field right now and diesel vehicles on the road today deliver substantial greenhouse gas reductions and air quality benefits.

“Leaders from around the world meeting at COP21 this week are making commitments to reduce carbon emissions, which will require proven technologies - ones that can feed a growing population, enhance economic development and opportunity and improve personal mobility in all parts of the world. To achieve these objectives will require greater implementation of proven and available technology, like the newest generation of diesel engines.

 “While there is ongoing demonstration and exploration of alternative fuels in niche applications, diesel is expected to remain the predominant powertrain in commercial vehicles for several decades to come. In the U.S., since 2007 the introduction of 1.9 million of the newest generation of clean diesel commercial trucks has already resulted in savings of 9 million tonnes of CO2, 880 million gallons of diesel, 21 million barrels of crude oil, 1.45 million tonnes of NOx, and 39,500 tonnes of particulate matter (PM). These results demonstrate why clean diesel will be a key player helping the U.S. and many other nations achieve their climate commitments.

 

Diesel will be a key technology to meet the U.S. climate commitment. But diesel’s role in helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is not just limited to the U.S. Other nations can introduce new and newer diesel engines and machines to significantly save fuel and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, these benefits are only achievable when operating with clean diesel fuel with near zero levels of sulfur.

“Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD) with a sulfur content of 15 parts per million or less has been the standard in the U.S. since 2006, with similar standards in a growing number of other nations. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and its Climate and Clean Air Coalition is working to advance cleaner fuel policies around the globe. The immediate benefits of cleaner fuel include a 10 percent reduction in particle emissions from existing engines and even greater reductions from newer technology engines. ULSD availability is paramount to strategies to reduce soot or black carbon emissions from existing diesel engines of all sizes.

“Thankfully, new technology diesel engines have reduced diesel’s share of black carbon emissions to near zero levels helping to substantially contribute to slowing the warming of the planet.

 

RENEWABLE AND BIODIESEL FUELS CAN REDUCE CARBON EMISSIONS BY OVER 50%

One of the next chapters in the clean diesel story is already emerging through the use of high quality renewable biofuels. In the U.S., first and second generation bio-based diesel fuels are growing in supply to over 1 billion gallons last year, and have the further potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Both biodiesel and renewable diesel fuel are considered advanced biofuels by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, capable of delivering at least a 50 percent reduction in carbon emissions. Cities like San Francisco and Oakland California have converted their entire public fleets to run on renewable diesel fuel, reducing CO2 emissions by over 80 percent virtually overnight,” Schaeffer said.

The Diesel Technology Forum sponsored a webcast on November 24th that explains in further detail diesel technology’s role in supporting the U.S. climate commitment and other strategies to help cool a warming plant.

While crude oil, heating oil and even the renewable ethanol had price declines in 2015, biodiesel stands alone as the only transportation fuel ending the year on a positive trend. This article from Bloomberg Business says biodiesel prices moved up at least 10 percent in the last month of the year, aided by the announcement that more biodiesel would be blended into the nation’s fuel supply as part of the Renewable Fuel Standard and the reinstatement of the federal $1-a-gallon biodiesel blending tax credit.

“It’s doing well,” Jerrod Kitt, an analyst at Linn Group in Chicago, said by phone Wednesday. “Keep in mind, heating oil has gone in the opposite direction.”

Biodiesel in the Midwest has increased 11 percent this month to $2.80 a gallon, the highest since July 23. During that same period, regular diesel in Chicago plummeted 13 percent to $1.0292 a gallon. Last week, diesel touched 95.54 cents, the cheapest in records going back to 2006, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

Futures for crude oil have dropped 12 percent in December, gasoline 8.7 percent and heating oil 18 percent on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Ethanol is down 7.3 percent on the Chicago Board of Trade.

Biodiesel’s advance has been tempered by the holidays and is likely to accelerate as traders return from vacation, said Eric De Bruin, a broker at StarFuels Inc. in Milwaukee.

The Environmental Protection Agency’s Nov. 30 Renewable Fuels Standard announcement said refiners such as Exxon Mobil Corp., Chevron Corp. and Valero Energy Corp. should have used 1.73 billion gallons of biodiesel this year and must consume 1.9 billion in 2016.

“Prices are going up,” De Bruin said by phone Wednesday. “It’s not the big jump over one day, but it’s very slowly going higher.

Energy drives economic growth and social development around the world. It also accounts for around two-thirds ofglobal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and so lies at the heart of the climate change challenge. Decision makersgathering in Paris for COP21 must therefore build a climate agreement that makes energy a central part of thesolution, shifting operations and investments onto a low-carbon path that continues to support economic growthand development.This is also applicable for M.I.T more investment , renewablesshifting and focus on green tech to reduce Green House Gas Emissions aswellas Combat Climate Change and shift to Low Carbon Technology to Ensure Sustainable Energy is For Sustainable Earth.

 


Who will take these actions?

When it comes to helping the world transition to a low-carbon future, developing nations are in a unique position to lead—but they can’t do it alone. Investments are needed. Luckily, the opportunities are promising for climate-savvy investors and companies with operations in the developing world.

In developing countries, low-carbon investments, such as those in energy-efficiency upgrades and low-carbon transportation, can open new markets for clean technologies and sustainable products while reducing pollution in local communities, ensuring energy and food independence by supporting local and distributed sources of power and agriculture, and alleviating poverty by providing new job opportunities. Many countries are already taking advantage of these opportunities. Ethiopia, for example, is using a green growth strategy to eradicate poverty and address climate change. To enhance these opportunities, global companies and investors can play a key role.

   In anticipation of new policy priorities that could be set at the United Nations Conference of Parties in Paris in 2015, the international community is poised to invest billions of dollars in clean energy, much of it in developing nations. During the UN Climate Summit 2014 in New York, leaders announced plans to invest more than US$200 billion to finance clean energy and support resilience among vulnerable nations. In its new “Better Growth, Better Climate” report, the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate calls for governments to triple their investments in clean energy research and development. The international community also is increasing financial innovations such as green bonds, feed-in tariffs,  risk-sharing instruments.

There is a strong case for the business community to focus on the developing world when it comes to investments in low-carbon initiatives. Doing so will not only serve the companies’ business interests, but also will help pave the way to the “cleaner, greener, more prosperous future for all


Where will these actions be taken?

Worldwide


What are other key benefits?

Key benefits; Easy to use, excellent lubricity Grown, Produced and Distributed Locally & Internationally, local Agricultural Residues,

Safe and Stable Fuel, Toxicity, Biodegradability, Safety and Recycling – . All these attributes makeRB biodiesel less harmful to the environment, Creation of more employment, Jobs created for feedstock farming and/or collection, Skilled jobs created for biodiesel production and distribution.(Engineers, Technicians etc), Tax Benefits, Generation of Income for the local feedstock producers andrefiners, Hence it leads to A WIN - WINSITUATION for all the participants in the industry. significantly curb GHG Emissions(90%Carbonfootprint reduction &96MM pounds of CO2 annually), reduce our reliance oncrude oil, and encourage energy diversity and reduce Worldwide Huger


What are the proposal’s costs?

 

Project Development path;

a)Initial Project Development Activities;

1.Business Concept

2.Business Formation

3.Feasibility Study

4.Raise Seed Equity to fund Development efforts

 

B)Develop the Project

1.Business Plan

2.Select Site

3.Technology

4.project permit

5.Legal

6.Accounting

C.Negotiate Contracts;

Engineering procurement

1.EPE contract

2.Official /Marketing

3.Feedstock

4.Utilities

5.Transportation

6.Risk Mitigation

 

D.Fund The Project;

1.Equity

2.Debt

3.Financial Close

4.Raise Equity

5.Secure Debt Financing

E.Execute the Project;Secure Debt,Financial Close & Execute the project

1.Engineering Procurement and Construction

2.Startup

3.Commercial Operation

 

Business Plan;

1.Executive Summary

2.Management Plan

3.Market Analysis

4.Marketing Plan

5.Feedstock Supply Plan

6.Operation Plan

7.Risk Management Plan

8.Financial Plan allow  for adequate working capital

9.Projected Financial Performance.

Contact experienced permitting consultant  for Project Permits.

Require an offtake contract.Biofuel plants typically don't sell product directly to petroleum companies,a marketing company negotiates sales& handles transportation logistics.Marketing companies provide more negotiating power and better freight rates through large volume sales.

 

 

Select Site;

EPEC Contract or Design /Build;Consider Experience and Qualification

Marketing/Offtake Agreements

Feedstock Supply

 Develop Utilities ,Transportation and Risk Management Sites

 For Balance of Equity;Consult an attrony to insure me comply with SEC regulation

2.Develop Prospectus to raise the balance of Equity

3.Share Structure and Pricing can impact investors interest in the project.

4.Consult an attorney to insure me comply with SEC regulation

Hire an attorney to insure  comply with SEC regulation

Debt Financing;

1.Develop Project

2.Great project team with experienced team,good technology site.

 

Engineering ,Construction & StartUP

Biofuel Life Cycle;

Residue Feedstock-Transportation- Biorefinery- Processing and Conversation- Distribution-EndUsers.

It means huge process,needs 10 Million BDT.


Time line

Project Development path;

 

Organise Board , Strong management & project team with industry experience, Hire Permitting Consultant,EPC  contractor Enlist the help from experienced project development firms

2.Secure Seed  Money

3.Feasbility Study

4.Secure project Development Funds

5.Business  Plan

6.Prospectus

7.Raise Equity

8.Secure Debt Financing

9. Construction and Startup

Biofuel Life Cycle;

Residue Feedstock-Transportation- Biorefinery- Processing & Conversation- Distribution-EndUsers.

 

Enlist the help from experienced project development firms.

Build a project team based on experience and success in the field we  are entering.

Surround with best suppliers and services

Hire best people with best experience with ; plant management

Project developer, feedstock experience, product market, legal counsel, Accounting CSA, Gas, electric,Water, Rail Company, Permitting Consultant,EPC  contractor.

Require an offtake contract.Biofuel plants typically donot sell product directly to petroleum companies,a marketing company negotiates sales and hlandles transportation logistics.Marketing companies provide more negotiating power and better freight rates through large volume sales.

 

 

Select Site;

EPEC Contract or Design /Build;Consider Experience and Qualification

Marketing/Offtake Agreements

Feedstock Supply

 Develop Utilities ,Transportation and Risk Management Sites

 For Balance of Equity;Consult an attrony to insure me comply with SEC regulation

2.Develop Prospectus to raise the balance of Equity

3.Share Structure and Pricing can impact investors interest in the project.

4.Consult an attorney to insure me comply with SEC regulation

Hire an attorney to insure  comply with SEC regulation

Debt Financing;

1.Develop Project

2.Great project team with experienced team,good technology site

 

Engineering ,Construction and StartUP

 

 

Biofuel Life Cycle;

Residue Feedstock-Transportation- Biorefinery- Processing and Conversation- Distribution-EndUsers.

It means need time 1yr

 

 


Related proposals

https://www.indiegogo.com/campaigns/poverty-and-pollution-free-ecofriendly-biodiesel-for-sustainable-earth/edit#/?tab=extras

http://climate.diplomacy.edu/profiles/blogs/sustanable-energy-for-sutainable-earth

 

 

https://www.americanexpress.com/us/small-business/openforum/members/mahfujaparven1/

Mahfuja Parven

Social Entrepreneur, Poverty and Pollution Free Ecofriendly RiceBran Biodiesel

Poverty and Pollution Free RiceBran Biodiesel

http://opprtunity.com/r/XFFsx1e

https://weadapt.org/

https://weadapt.org/member/parvenbd

GIST, FIRE


References

References

1.    (http://www.arb.ca.gov/fuels/lcfs/072009lcfs_uco_bd.pdf)

2.    Pdf biofuelaction plan

3.With more investment ,the Developing world can lead the way to a low carbon future.

·         http://www.bsr.org/en/our-insights/blog-view/with-more-investment-the-developing-world-can-lead-the-way-to-a-low-carbon

and BBI webinar and Biodiesel Magazine, Leonardo Energy Webinar, Courses.

 

4. . Bridging  the Gap between climate science and sustainable business

http://www.bsr.org/en/our-insights/blog-view/bsrs-climate-science-initiative;

5. DISCUSSION PAPER ON THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S ENERGY UNION - A UNION BASED ON DEMAND

By Paul Waide

·          6. Introduction to Climate changefom UNFCCC

·         7.Energy Management Foundation Training

·         8.Technology of Renewable Energy

·         9.Economic Regulation of Electric Utilities

·         10.Policy and Regulatory Frame Work

·         11.Policy areas in electricity and heat supply sector

·         12.Other options for electricity

·         13.Enabling environment for electricity and heat supply sector

 

 

 

14..Climate Changes by Kenneth M.Strzepek and Joel.B.Smith

15.Sustainable Earth by Taylor

16.Climate Change-The Symptoms-The Science-The Solutions by James lovelock

17.Weather and Climate by Laure Chemery

18.Waste,Recycling and Reuse-Our Impact on the Planet by Rob Bowden

19..Health and Environment

Impact Assessment (British Medical Association)

20.Waste Teatment and Disposal by Paul-T.William ,Professor of Environmental Engineering,The University of Leeds

21.Global Warming by John Houghton

22.Environmental Chemistry by Colin Baird

23.The Road to Zero Emissions by Gunter Pauli

24..Health and Diseases in developing Countries by Karis Lanknen, Staffon Bengster

25.Climate Change 2001-Mitigation by Bert Matz,Ogunlade Davidson.Rob Swart,Jiahua Pan.

26.Climate Change-William James

27.Human Ecology by Gerald G Marten

28.The Carbon Cycle by Martin Redfern

29.FAO at Work 2009-2010(  Growing  Food for Nine Billion)

30.Nutrition and Health –Bangladesh FIVIMS by Dr.Harun K.M.Yusuf

31.Agroeconomic and Social Vulnerability

32.Million Homes Reached with Solar Electricity  by Grameen Shakti

33.Development and Climate Change by WorldBank 2010

34.Paving the way for a Green and Sustainable Future by Abser kamal.

35.The Rough Guide to Climate Change by Robert Henson

36.How can we Save the Earth by Mayer Hillman.

 

 

37.UNFCCC , IEA, EPA, UNDP , ENERGYPEDIA websites.

38. EPA, Pinterest ETC

 Califonia’s Air Resource Board will also tell us that if we make biodiesel from waste vegetable oil then we will actually reduce our carbon emissions by 90%.