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Pitch

Smart actions for green transportation


Description

 

Esecutive Summary

  

The transportation sector accounted, in 2004, for 13.5% of the total GHG emissions [1], specifically CO2. Moreover, the transport sector end-use activities accounted, in 2000, for 13.8% of the total GHGs emission [2]. Therefore, the transportation sector is one of the main contributors to GHG emissions. The following sections provide the proposed actions and their rationale to reduce the GHG emission, a discussion about the impacts and some references.

 

Actions

 

The governments shall provide incentives to industries, universities and research centers, to encourage the research on and usage, at industrial level, of the technologies to reduce the vehicle loads. The worldwide usage of such vehicles shall start globally as soon as possible, with a plan of incentives to the consumers and transportation sector to use vehicles with that technology.  RATIONALE: Reducing the loads (weight, rolling and air resistance and accessory loads) on the vehicles will reduce the work needed to operate it with a decrease of GHGs emissions [2].Therefore, the vehicles with lower load will contribute to reduce the GHGs emissions.

 

The governments shall provide incentives to the industries, universities and research centers, for research on and usage of (at industrial level on vehicles, ships and airplanes) the solar technologies as “fuel”. The worldwide usage shall start as soon as possible, with a plan of incentives to the consumers and transportation sector to use vehicles with that technology.  RATIONALE: The solar technology applied to the transport sector will reduce the GHGs emission, since no more carbon-based fuel is needed.

 

 The governments shall develop policies to maximize the use of public transport and non motorized transport (the public transport vehicles should be in line with the previous actions). Funds shall be provided to developing countries to adopt this strategy. RATIONALE: The electric vehicles utilization will reduce the GHGs emission from the carbon-based fuel.

 

Impacts

 

With the proposed actions, the 2050 transport sector GHGs emission should be drastically decreased , while the improvements and new discoveries on the solar technologies to be applied to the transportation could allow a complete GHGs emission abatement in the period 2050-2100.  

 

References

 

[1]  Barker T., I. Bashmakov, L. Bernstein, J. E. Bogner, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, O. R. Davidson, B. S. Fisher, S. Gupta, K. Halsnæs, G.J. Heij, S. Kahn Ribeiro, S. Kobayashi, M. D. Levine, D. L. Martino, O. Masera, B. Metz, L. A. Meyer, G.-J. Nabuurs, A. Najam, N. Nakicenovic, H. -H. Rogner, J. Roy, J. Sathaye, R. Schock, P. Shukla, R. E. H. Sims, P. Smith, D. A. Tirpak, D. Urge-Vorsatz, D. Zhou, 2007: Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O. R. Davidson, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, L. A. Meyer (eds)],Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

[2] Greenhouse gas emissions by sector. (2008). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library.

 

 

Summary

The transportation sector accounted, in 2004, for 13.5% of the total GHG emissions [1], specifically CO2. Moreover, the transport sector end-use activities accounted, in 2000, for 13.8% of the total GHGs emission [2]. Therefore, the transportation sector is one of the main contributors to GHG emissions. The following sections provide the proposed actions and their rationale to reduce the GHG emission, a discussion about the impacts and some references.


Category of the action

Reducing emissions from transportation


What actions do you propose?

 

Executive Summary

The transportation sector accounted, in 2004, for 13.5% of the total GHG emissions [1], specifically CO2. Moreover, the transport sector end-use activities accounted, in 2000, for 13.8% of the total GHGs emission [2]. Therefore, the transportation sector is one of the main contributors to GHG emissions. The following sections provide the proposed actions and their rationale to reduce the GHG emission, a discussion about the impacts and some references.

Actions

 

The governments shall provide incentives to industries, universities and research centers, to encourage the research on and usage, at industrial level, of the technologies to reduce the vehicle loads. The worldwide usage of such vehicles shall start globally as soon as possible, with a plan of incentives to the consumers and transportation sector to use vehicles with that technology.  RATIONALE: Reducing the loads (weight, rolling and air resistance and accessory loads) on the vehicles will reduce the work needed to operate it with a decrease of GHGs emissions [2].Therefore, the vehicles with lower load will contribute to reduce the GHGs emissions.

 

The governments shall provide incentives to the industries, universities and research centers, for research on and usage of (at industrial level on vehicles, ships and airplanes) the solar technologies as “fuel”. The worldwide usage shall start as soon as possible, with a plan of incentives to the consumers and transportation sector to use vehicles with that technology.  RATIONALE: The solar technology applied to the transport sector will reduce the GHGs emission, since no more carbon-based fuel is needed.

 

 The governments shall develop policies to maximize the use of public transport and non motorized transport (the public transport vehicles should be in line with the previous actions). Funds shall be provided to developing countries to adopt this strategy. RATIONALE: The electric vehicles utilization will reduce the GHGs emission from the carbon-based fuel.

 

Impacts

 

With the proposed actions, the 2050 transport sector GHGs emission should be drastically decreased , while the improvements and new discoveries on the solar technologies to be applied to the transportation could allow a complete GHGs emission abatement in the period 2050-2100.  

 

References

[1]  Barker T., I. Bashmakov, L. Bernstein, J. E. Bogner, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, O. R. Davidson, B. S. Fisher, S. Gupta, K. Halsnæs, G.J. Heij, S. Kahn Ribeiro, S. Kobayashi, M. D. Levine, D. L. Martino, O. Masera, B. Metz, L. A. Meyer, G.-J. Nabuurs, A. Najam, N. Nakicenovic, H. -H. Rogner, J. Roy, J. Sathaye, R. Schock, P. Shukla, R. E. H. Sims, P. Smith, D. A. Tirpak, D. Urge-Vorsatz, D. Zhou, 2007: Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O. R. Davidson, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, L. A. Meyer (eds)],Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

[2] Greenhouse gas emissions by sector. (2008). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library.

 

 


Who will take these actions?

The governments


Where will these actions be taken?

In all the countries, with some funding to be provided to the underdeveloped countries.


How much will emissions be reduced or sequestered vs. business as usual levels?

13.8% of the total GHGs emission contribution at 2000 year level


What are other key benefits?

With the proposed actions, the 2050 transport sector GHGs emission should be drastically decreased , while the improvements and new discoveries on the solar technologies to be applied to the transportation could allow a complete GHGs emission abatement in the period 2050-2100.


What are the proposal’s costs?

The costs of this proposal are the investments that the governments should undertake to increase their technology in the transportation sector, with an increase in the labour. An investment of the 1-2% of the PIL in the research is acceptable for an economy, therefore the investment shall be a fraction of the investment in research of each countries, In addition to this, the funding for the not developed countries (a part of the already foreseen funding) has to be added


Time line

2013-2030 : the governments shall invest in the sector

2030-2050: the technologies will be worldwide adopted and the GHGs emission of the transportation sector will be reduced

2050-2100 : the GHGs emission of the transportations sector will be equal to zero.


Related proposals


References

[1] Barker T., I. Bashmakov, L. Bernstein, J. E. Bogner, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, O. R. Davidson, B. S. Fisher, S. Gupta, K. Halsnæs, G.J. Heij, S. Kahn Ribeiro, S. Kobayashi, M. D. Levine, D. L. Martino, O. Masera, B. Metz, L. A. Meyer, G.-J. Nabuurs, A. Najam, N. Nakicenovic, H. -H. Rogner, J. Roy, J. Sathaye, R. Schock, P. Shukla, R. E. H. Sims, P. Smith, D. A. Tirpak, D. Urge-Vorsatz, D. Zhou, 2007: Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O. R. Davidson, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, L. A. Meyer (eds)],Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

[2] Greenhouse gas emissions by sector. (2008). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library.