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Pakistan’s National Sustainable Development Strategy promotes an economic growth without uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources



Pakistan is a forest-poor country, especially due to arid and semi-arid climate in many parts of the country. The forest area in the country was 4.34 million hectares (five percent), of which 3.44 million were owned by the state. Natural forests accounted for 4.2 million hectares (4.8 percent) out of the total area of 87.98 million hec. Although less forest cover of Pakistan can still benefit from carbon trading under REDD + mechanism properly protecting and preserving the existing forests and can increase forest cover to enhance its capacity from the existing carbon stock to further level. This will help Pakistan generate income from carbon markets and climate change mitigation. According to the Certified Emission Reduction (CER) scale the current price per ton of carbon is calculated as U.S. $ 13-14.  According to an estimate, on average four billion tons of carbon is traded globally in the market. Main objectives of Pakistan’s National Sustainable Development Strategy to analyze the three dimensions of sustainable development against economic, social and environment. The spotlight has been on integrating not only across the three overall scope of economic, social and environment but also integrating the goals with the current development standard with the aim of shifting to a more sustainable pathway. According to FAO’s The Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) 2010, Asia is ranked 5th for its trends in carbon stocks in forest biomass from 1990–2010, touching the figure of 38 Gega tons (Gt) as compare to top ranked South America for 100+ Gt. Brazil has designated more than one-fifth of its forest area for protection of culture and way of life of forest-dependent people (Muhammad et. al, 2011). Pakistan has a low forest cover (4.8%) with diversified forest types from coastal mangrove and riverine ecosystem to alpine Chir Pine forests with in place diversified community and different types of legislative structures. 

What actions do you propose?

Community participation can, either individually or collectively, adds experience and an in-depth understanding of the local context to a development project, while providing support to the project. In order to identify the issues that might be obstacles to environmental protection and to come up with a set of recommendation which could form policy. I want to:

To present a historical metanarrative of community participation in the public sector environmental protection programs/ projects in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and to assess:

The benefits of REDD+ on livelihoods of local forest managers in Pakistan.

The motivating factors to involve in REDD+ program


Who will take these actions?

Minsitry of environment, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Minsitry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan

Forest Department Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Where will these actions be taken?

These actions will be taken in three district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan which are Swat, Mansehra and Battagram covering an area of 232,000 ha of land. Approximately 300,000 indigenious community living in the vacinity of these forests and are highly dependent on these forests for their livelihoods. 50% of these forests are state forest and the other half is community forest which is also called guzara forests. This 50% guzara forest is further divided into private landlords and community managed.

How much will emissions be reduced or sequestered vs. business as usual levels?

the carbon sequestration capacity of these forest are 734 t CO2.ha. 

232,000 * 734 = 170288000 t CO2

at the average rate of $10 USD =

10 * 170288000 =$1702880000 USD

What are other key benefits?

  • 14,000 hectares of degraded forest will be regenerated through assisted natural regeneration (ANR)
  • 7,000 hectares of woodlots will be planted to ease the pressure on the forests.
  • 5,000 hectares of fruit orchards will be planted as an extra source of income for locals.
  • 300,000 households will get efficient cooking stoves.
  • 420,000 animals will receive vaccinations and treatment and 4,500 poultry farms will be set up.
  • 540,000 square foot of plastic tunnel technology will be deployed for growing off-season vegetables.
  • 200,000 vulnerable people will receive regular access to healthcare and medication.

In total, more than 10 million trees will be planted during the project lifetime and these activities will sequester up to 1 million tons of Carbon dioxide per year. The estimated cost of these project activities will be approximately $70 million/annum while the potential earning from REDD in Pakistan @$10 USD may be more than USD $315 m 

What are the proposal’s costs?

The main purpose of this research is to find out the potential impacts of REDD+ on livelihood and to find out all those motivating factors which could bring the community together and percieve REDD+ at policy level. All these project activites will cost around USD $30,000.

Time line

The proposed project will be completed in 2 years time

Related proposals

Impact evaluation of Pakistan's first adaptation project "GLOF-Reducing Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacier Lake Outburst Floods in Northern Pakistan"

Socio-Economic losses due to construction on riverbeds 


Dr. Inayatullah Jan ;Assistant Professor, Institute of Development Studies, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Agriculture University Peshawar, Pakistan. Phone: +92-300-5956780


Dr. Aamer Taj; Coordinator Centre for Public Policy Research, Institute of Management Sciences, Sector E-5, Phase-7, Hayatabad, Peshawar. Phone: +92-91-9217451, Email: